THE PEOPLE BEHIND THE NAMES CLEVELAND ABBE (1838 - 1916) Astronomer, Meteorologist. Pioneer weather forecaster. EDWIN ABBEY (1852 -1911) Illustrator, mural painter. Won fame for designs in the Boston Public Library and the Pennsylvania State Capital. WILLIS J. ABBOT (1863-1934) Journalist, author. Editor, Christian Science Monitor. ROBERT S. ABBOTT (1868-1940) Newspaper Editor. Founder (1905) and Publisher of the Chicago Defender, first black newspaper for blacks. GRACE ABBOTT (1878-1939) Social worker. Administrator of the first Child Labor Act. HENRY L. ABBOTT (1831-1927) U. S. Army surveyor of the Great Lakes and Mississippi River. Surveyed route for Pacific railroad through California and Oregon. LYMAN ABBOTT (1835-1922) Congregational clergyman and author. Editor of the "Outlook" 1893. Pastor of Plymouth Congregational Church Brooklyn. JOHN J. ABEL (1857-1938) Pharmacologist and biological chemist at Johns Hopkins medical school. ARUNAH S. ABELL (1806-1888) Founder Philadelphia Ledger (1836) and the Baltimore Sun (1837). GEORGE ABERNETHY (1807-1877) Merchamt, churchman, administrator. Pioneer business man in Oregon; provisional Governor (1845 - 1847). EDWARD G. ACHESON (1856-1931) Inventor. Pioneer of the electrothermal industry and the discoverer of carborundum. JAMES L. ACKERSON (1881-1931) Naval officer. Trustee U.S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corp. 1918 JOSE ACOSTA (1539-1600) Jesuit missionary in Peru. Chiefly remembered for his monumental work on the natural history and culture of Spanish America. ABIGAIL ADAMS (1744-1818) Wife of President John Adams. HENRY ADAMS (1838-1918) Wrote monumental" History of the United States" in 1891. JOHN ADAMS (1735-1826) Second President of the United States (1796). SAMUEL ADAMS (1722-1803) Revolutionary statesman. Delegate to the Continental Congress. Governor of Massachusetts (1794-1797). JANE ADDAMS (1860-1935) Social reformer. Founder of Hull House settlement in Chicago. GEORGE ADE (1866-1944) American humorist and playwright. CYRUS ADLER (1863-1940) Orientalist, educational administrator, Jewish leader. LOUIS AGASSIZ (1807-1873) Naturalist. His prestige, enthusiasm, and teaching methods greatly accelerated the serious study of natural history. JOHN C. AINSWORTH (1870-1943) Prominent Portland, Oregon, banker and businessman. SAMUEL R. AITKEN (1882-1938) Marine Supt. of U.S. Shipping Board World War II. Later served as official of several steamship companies, including Moore-McCormick. BRONSON ALCOTT (1799-1888) Educator, author, mystic. Associate of Hawthorne, Emerson and Thoreau. LOUISA M. ALCOTT (1838-1888) Author. Best known work was "Little Women" (1869). JOHN ALDEN (1599-1687) One of the Mayflower pilgrims. Made famous by Longfellow's "Courtship of Miles Standish". PRISCILLA ALDEN (1602-????) Born Priscilla Mullin, a daughter of one of the Mayflower pilgrims, she married Jolm Alden about 1623, and had 11 children. The exact date of her death is unknown. NELSON W. ALDRICH (1841-1915) Statesman, financier. Elected to Congress 1878 from Rhode Island. Served as Senator 1881-1911. THOMAS BAILEY ALDRICH (1836-1907) Poet, writer, editor. Editor of the Atlantic Monthly (1881-1890). EDWARD P. ALEXANDER (1835-1910) Confederate General, author, railroad executive. Developed the "wig-wag" signalling system. JOSHUA W. ALEXANDER (1852-1936) Secretary of Commerce (1919-1921). NATHANIEL ALEXANDER (1756-1808) Revolutionary War surgeon. Congressman from North Carolina (1803-1805). Governor of North Carolina (1805-1807). ELOY ALFARO (1864-1912) Ecuadorian general and politician. RUSSELL A. ALGER (1836-1907) Lumber dealer, Union soldier. Governor of Michigan 1885-1887. Secretary of War (1897-1899). ETHAN ALLEN (1737-1789) Revolutionary War soldier and author. Commanded the "Green Mountain Boys" in capture of Fort Ticonderoga. HORATIO ALLEN (1802-1899) Civil engineer, inventor. Directed construction of "Best Friend", first locomotive built for sale in the U.S. Consulting engineer on the Brooklyn Bridge and the Panama Canal. WILLIAM H. ALLEN (1784-1813) Naval officer. Served on frigates "Chesapeake" and "United States" (1807-1812). Killed in action 1813. WILLIAM B. ALLISON (1829-1908) Republican political leader. Congressman from Iowa (1862-1870). U.S. Senator (1872-1908). WASHINGTON ALLSTON (1779-1843) Artist and author. ANDRES ALMONASTER (1725-1798) Spaniard who became Louisiana's richest man. Philanthropist. JOSEPH ALSTON (1779-1816) Lawyer, planter, legislator. Governor of South Carolina (1812-1814). JOHN P. ALTGELD (1847-1902) Lawyer, political leader and reformer. Governor of Illinois. GEORGE W. ALTHER (1918-1943) Merchant seaman killed aboard the "SS Timothy Pickering" when it was bombed by German aircraft in 1943, while anchored at Sicily. HENRY V. ALVARADO (1857-1932) California pioneer who founded Richmond, Ca.. Pioneer judge. RICHARD H. ALVEY (1826-1906) Jurist. Sponsored "Alvey Resolution" which resulted in Maryland's secession from the Union (1861). AM-MER-MAR This ship was named for the whole of the American Merchant Marine, the name being a contraction of those three words. FISHER AMES (1758-1808) Statesman and publicist. Congressman from Massachusetts (1789-1797). CHARLES F. AMIDON (1856-1937) Jurist. U.S. District judge for North Dakota (1896-1928). MICHAEL ANAGNOS (1837-1906) Greek patriot. American educator of the blind. Founded first kindergarten for the blind. SHERWOOD ANDERSON (1876-1941) Poet, novelist, short story writer. CHRISTOPHER C. ANDREWS (1829-1922) Lawyer, author. Union soldier. U.S. Minister to Norway and Sweden. HAROLD T. ANDREWS (1926-1944) Merchant seaman aboard "SS West Nohno" sunk 1944. GEORGE T. ANGELL (1823-1909) Reformer. Founded Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. JOHN F. APPLEBY (1840-1917) Inventor of the binding machine in 1867. JESSE APPLEGATE (1811-1888) Surveyor, legislator, publicist. Early Oregon and Willamette Valley settler (1843). JOHNNY APPLESEED (1775-1847) Real name John Chapman. For 50 years he travelled through Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois planting appleseeds. DANIEL APPLETON (1785-1849) Publisher. Founded the firm of D. Appleton and Co. LUIS ARGUELLO (1784-1830) First native born to be Governor of California (1822-1825). JOHN ARMSTRONG (1758-1843) Revolutionary War soldier, Senator from New York, Minister to France, Secretary of War under Madison (1813). PLEASANT ARMSTRONG (1810-1853) Oregon pioneer killed in Roque River Indian war 1840. JUSTO AROSEMENA (1879-1939) President of Panama (1936-1939). JOSE ARTIGAS (1774-1850) Uruguayan soldier and patriot. FRANCIS ASBURY (1745-1816) Pioneer Methodist preacher and bishop. CLIFFORD E. ASHBY (1919-1943) Merchant seaman killed aboard the"S.S. Malay", when it was torpedoed and damaged off North Carolina (1942). JOHN B. ASHE (1748-1802) Member of the Continental Congress. U.S. Representative from North Carolina. Governor (1802). SAMUEL ASHE (1725-1813) Jurist, Revolutionary patriot. Governor of North Carolina (1795-1798). WILLIAM H. ASHLEY (1778-1838) Fur trader, explorer, congressman. Settled in Missouri 1803. Opened the fur trade in Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming and Utah. Congressman from Missouri (1831-1837). WILLIAM H. ASPINWALL (1807-1875) Merchant. As head of the Pacific R.R. & Panama S.S. Co. directed the building of the railroad across isthmus. Also started the Pacific Mail S.S. Co. JOHN JACOB ASTOR (1763-1848) Fur trader, capitalist. As head of the America Fur Co. he monopolized the fur trade from his post at Astoria, Oregon. JAMES B. ASWELL (1869-1931) Congressman, lecturer, from Louisiana. Congressman (1913-1931). Reorganized Louisiana public school system. WILBUR O. ATWATER (1844-1907) Pioneer in agricultural chemistry. Established the first state agricultural station at Middleton, Conn. in 1875. JOHN JAMES AUDUBON (1785-1851) Artist, ornithologist. Published "The Birds of America" . CALVIN AUSTIN (1850-1936) Corporation official. Director of Eastern S.S. Lines. FREDERICK AUSTIN (1910-1942) Merchant seaman aboard "S.S.R.W. Gallagher' torpedoed off the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1942. HENRY AUSTIN (1804-1891) Architect. Designed private and public buildings in New Haven. MARY AUSTIN (1868-1934) Author, feminist. Nature writer in the tradition of Thoreau. MOSES AUSTIN (1761-1821) Merchant. Worked lead mines in Virginia and Missouri. In 1820 he planned to settle 300 families in Texas. The work was carried out by his son who named town after him. STEPHEN F. AUSTIN (1793-1836) Founder of Texas. Son of Moses Austin. JOSEPH C. AVERY (1817-1876) Oregon pioneer 1847 who founded Corvallis 1850. WAIGSTILL AVERY (1816-1864) Lawyer. Member of Confederate Provisional Congress. CHARLES BRANTLEY AYCOCK (1859-1912) Governor of North Carolina 1901-1905. W. B. AYER (1860-1935) President Eastern and Western Lumber Co., Portland, Oregon.
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