Stephen B. Mancini was born to Anthony and Concetta Mancini December 23, 1922, in Danbury, Connecticut. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy December 9, 1942, and received basic training at Newport, Rhode Island. From Newport, he was sent to the Navy Radio School in Bedford Springs, Pennsylvania. He continued in communications with training at the Mersigs School in Noroton Heights, Connecticut, after which he was transferred to the U.S. Naval Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. His first ship assignment was to the Armed Guard crew aboard the SS OSCAR CHAPPELL, which sailed from Galveston, Texas, in November 1943. A collision with another vessel off the coast of northern Scotland near Loch Ewe resulted in an immediate decision to beach the ship, which was taking on water in an aft cargo hold. After tem- porary repairs and when able to sail under its own power, the ship was moved to drydock in Liverpool, England. In September 1944, he was assigned to the Captain GL WOODRUFF convoy Commodore Staff. Many crossings were made aboard a convoy lead ship, from NOB Norfolk, Virginia, to a dispersal point near the port of Oran in the Mediterranean. After VE Day, he received orders to board the Sea Plane Tender USS ALBERMARLE (AV 5), bound for the Phil- ippines. An accident in passing through the Panama Canal caused some damage to the ship and it was rerouted to Alameda in the San Francisco Bay area. All transit person- nel were sent to the Shoemaker Receiving Station for reas- signment. While at the Shoemaker RS, he was informed of his eli- gibility for discharge and was scheduled for the next troop train east from Oakland, California, to the USN Personnel Separation Center, Lido Beach, Long Island, New York. He was discharged November 17, 1945. On May 8, 1948, he married Yolanda Mazzoli of Dan- bury, Connecticut, but later after a long illness, Yolanda died of cancer. His daughter, Sharon, is married to Michael Burns, who is serving in the Air Force. The family has grown by four grandchildrerl. Over the years, Stephen continued in the field of elec- tronics and retired from the Perkin-Elmer Corporation of Norwalk, Connecticut. He now resides at 430 Kings Highway, Apartment 201, Dover, Delaware 19901. JAMES DORMAN MAYFIELD James Dorman Mayfield was born March 23, 1925, in Brownfield, Texas. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy March 22, 1943, and was assigned to the Armed Guard Center (Pac). James sailed on the JOSIAH D. WHITNEY, the SS MAGNOLIA, the BELOIT VICTORY, the SANTA FE HILLS, the MISSION SAN ANTONIA, and the SHAMROCK (CVE 64). He received the Good Conduct Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the Navy Occupation Service Medal with Asia Clasp, and the Philippine Libera- tion Ribbon. He was discharged from the Navy March 30, 1946, with rank of Seaman 1/C. He currently lives at 1654 E. Alamo Road, Holtville, California 92250. SAMUEL R. McADAMS

Samuel's sea service was on board the following vessels: SS A.P. HILL, January 1944-December 1944 and the SS JOHN HENRY, January 1945-July 1945. Samuel remembers the time when they were loaded with high explosives and encountered icebergs in a dense fog in the North Atlantic. They were lucky that no mishap occurred to the HILL, but 20 other ships were sunk or damaged. He served as a Gunner's Mate 3/c while aboard the SS JOHN HENRY. On the last trip the JOHN HENRY carried 2400 tons of explosives and was involved in two collisions in fog in the North Atlantic. One of the collisions involved another ammo ship, the SS J. KYRON WALK- ER. On the morning of VE Day, 8 May 1945, the convoy on entering the English Channel at 0200 ran into another con- voy coming out of the Channel heading for North Africa. Many of the ships were involved in collisions. The SS JOHN HENRY made it through safely that morning. There were lives lost as were many ships. Upon anchoring the SS JOHN HENRY was notified that it would not be unloaded as the war in Europe was over. They were also informed that they would be trans- porting the ammo on board back to the States. On the trip back to the States the SS JOHN HENRY was involved in a third collision. As a result of these colli- sions the SS JOHN HENRY sustained the following damage: a loss of both anchors, starboard boat deck wiped clean, the 3" 50 gun tub was damaged, and an 8-foot tear occurred in the starboard bow plates. Samuel would like to hear from any Armed Guard sail- ors that were involved in the above mentioned English Channel incident. Samuel, while on board the SS A.P. HILL and the SS JOHN HENRY made port at Oran and Arzu, Algeria; Augusta, Sicily; Bari and Naples, Italy; Marseille, France; Southampton, England; and good ole "Buzz Bomb Boule- vard'' Antwerp, Belgium. Samuel and his wife, Nora, currently live at 1834 Andrews Boulevard, Hampton, Virginia 23663-1910. MARTIN E. McCONNELL

Martin E. McConnell GM3/C Service #708 17 41 was born March 8, 1925. He joined the U.S. Navy in February 1943, and was honorably discharged October 1945. Mar- tin was influenced to join the Navy by his father, M.J. McConnell, who had served in the Army during World War I. Martin's brother, Joseph A. McConnell, also joined the navy and served with the U.S. Fleet in the Pacific for three years. Martin was sent to the Great Lakes Naval Training Cen- ter in Chicago, Illinois, for his training and was injured during training and was hospitalized for 12 weeks before going down to Gulfport, Mississippi, for four weeks of gunnery training. He was then assigned to the Liberty Ship SS JOHN PAUL JONES in Jacksonville, Florida. They sailed to Bos- ton, Massachusetts, and twice from there to Liverpool, England. On the first trip, they were told they were in time to celebrate the 500th bombing of Liverpool by the Ger- mans and they saw many bombings and the horror of war. While forming convoy out of Nova Scotia on the second trip, they came under U-boat attack and sailed into a fog- bank for protection, then came out alone and sailed to Liv- erpool in 17 days, unescorted. Voyage three took them to the Mediterranean. Their cargo was ammunition and they sailed in coffin corner. All sailors in the convoy and the enemy knew what they car- ried. Other ports visited were Glasgow, Scotland; Cardiff, South Wales; Oran, North Africa; and Naples, Italy. Their ship was among the first to enter Naples and tied up along- side a sunken transport ship. The ship's guns consisted of six watercooled. 50 caliber machine guns, which had to be drained when not in use in the North Atlantic; one 3-inch 50 on the bow; and a 4-inch 50 on the stern. Martin was then assigned to the SS FERDINAND GAGNON, a new liberty out of Portland, Maine, in Sep- tember 1944. They carried lendtease to Russia from Phila- delphia to Iran via the Persian Gulf. The convoy was attacked by submarines often. His second trip took him to Antwerp, Belgium, in time to undergo attacks by V- 1 and V-2 rockets. His last trip was to Rouen, France, in time for VE Day May 8, 1945, and with Paris only two hours away, it was a perfect place to be to celebrate victory. They were in port for three weeks. Martin was awarded the European, Atlantic, Mediterra- nean, Pacific Theater and victory ribbons. He returned to civilian life and has since retired as President of British Insurance Brokerage Company. He is a member of Lloyds of London and is a member of St. Andrews Royal and Ancient Golf Club of Scotland. Martin says that being rejoined with shipmates James F. Hynan, 111 W. Wash- ington Street, Chicago, Illinois and John Trotier, 17 Pine Court, Essex Junction, Vermont, at the 1987 National Armed Guard Reunion hosted by the late Billy Hart was one of the highlights of his career. Martin lives at 11 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10003. CARL PATTON McCRILLIS

Carl was born March 31, 1923, in Honolulu, Hawaii to Jacob and Helen McCrillis. The family moved and Carl grew up in Sacramento, California, where he enlisted in the U.S. Navy October 2, 1940, at the age of 17 after graduat- ing from high school. He completed the USNR Radio School at San Francisco and was assigned duty as KM 3/C aboard the USS CHI- CAGO out of Pearl Harbor in April 194 l. In November, Carl was transferred to the Armed Guard Center Pacific and assigned to the passenger liner, SS PRESIDENT GRANT, November 9, 1941. The GRANT sailed for the Far East with four Navy personnel, three signalmen and one radioman, on perhaps the first Armed Guard sailing to the Pacific. After reaching Manila, the Armed Guard crew was ordered to Cavite Navy Yard in the early morning of December 8, 1941. During a Japanese air raid on the yard, Carl and another of his crew were seriously wounded and later sent to a makeshift hospital in Manila, where they were captured by the Japanese on New Year's Day. Later, Carl was sent to various camps including Bilibid, and then to the Manila docks. As forced labor stevedores, the POW's were able to survive by stealing food, as well as to do their part in sabotaging Japanese war materials coming through the port. Following two years in the Philippines, he was boarded on a Japanese "hell ship" for the hazardous trip to Japan and then sent to work in the lead mines at Camp Kamioka near Osaka. After three and one-half years as a POW, Carl was repatriated and returned home. The SS PRESIDENT GRANT escaped to Darwin. Of his shipmates, as far as is known, Henry Harris SM 2/C died as a POW, John Cross SM 3/C was killed while serv- ing aboard the USS PEARY, and the status of Joe Macura SM 1/C is unknown. Following the war, Carl later graduated from the Uni- versity of Idaho in Forestry and subsequently retired from the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Manage- ment after a career in natural resources management. He is married to Renee, and between them they have four chil- dren and seven grandchildren. They now live in Florida, close to the water where they like to sail. Their current address is 750 Del Ray Place, Punta Gorda, Florida 33950. JAMES B. McKAIG

James B. McKaig was born in Spartanburg, South Car- olina, and moved to Tryon, North Carolina when he was six years old. James enlisted in the U.S. Navy and was sworn in December 16, 1941, in Raleigh, North Carolina. He was sent to Norfolk, Virginia, where he spent three weeks in boot camp and was sent to gunnery school at Little Creek, Virginia, which was under construction as a training facili- ty. Gunnery training was given aboard the USS DUBUQUE. He was transferred to the Armed Guard Center, Brooklyn, New York February 7, 1942, and was assigned to the SS KEWANEE, a tanker which ran from Texas City, Texas to ports on the west coast of Florida. Many nights on this run he would see ships getting torpe- doed. His ship was always alone in the Gulf of Mexico and one day on passing Mobile Bay, Alabama, it was attacked by a sub which surfaced, but was driven back after a few rounds were fired from the KEWANEE's 4 inch 50. The ship immediately went into Mobile Bay and anchored until the next day. James was relieved November 20, 1942, and given leave. On December 30, 1942, James was assigned to the SS COLIN P. KELLY, a new Liberty ship. They loaded planes and tanks aboard and sailed through the Panama Canal to Australia and on to Bombay, India. From there the ship went to Port Said, Egypt, where the #5 hole was readied for troops. After waiting for two months, the ship was sent to Haifa, Palestine, to load war material. It then sailed for Alexandria, Egypt, and loaded troops from the Eighth Army. The ship left there in convoy and after three days at sea, it was learned that the ship was going to Sicily and the convoy arrived off Augusta July 10, 1943. After three days of constant bombardment by the Germans and Italians, the ship headed home to New York, which made it a round the world trip. Later it was learned that James had received a commendation for conspicuous bravery dis- played as a member of the Armed Guard Unit aboard a merchantman during the invasion of Sicily July 10-14, 1943. James was given leave and returned to Armed Guard Center NOLA and was assigned to the SS LAKE FOLCROFT and after 13 months was relieved and again given leave and returned to Armed Guard Center NOLA. He then was assigned to the SS THEDDEUS MERRI- MAN. James had made BM 2/C and was in charge of the crew. The ship was one of the few concrete ships that was built in Tampa, Florida. After several trips to the canal and to Havana, Cuba, the ship headed for the Philippines, but lost its rudder off Mexico and was towed to San Pedro, California. It arrived in San Pedro about two days before the Japanese surrender. James was sent to Treasure Island for leave. After leave, he was assigned to the USS FECK- LER DD 870. That was his last assignment and he was dis- charged December 9, 1946. James returned to Tryon, finished high school and went to college for two years. He then returned to Texas City, Texas, and on August 21 was called back into the navy. He was sent to San Diego and then transferred to Mine War- fare School and graduated as a Counter Measures Techni- cian and was assigned to the USS SWALLOW, a Mine Sweeper operating off the coast of Korea. He was dis- charged November 11, 1951. On leaving the navy, he returned to Texas City and mar- ried Norma Faye Tucker February 17, 1953, and worked for Texas City Refining for 26 years. On February 2, 1983, his wife passed away. He met Kathryn Kaye in June of 1987 and was married June 27, 1989. Kathryn is an ex- Marine. James operated his own real estate appraisal company until he retired in March 1988. He presently resides at 1706 22nd Avenue, Texas City, Texas 77590. DONALD ROBERT McKINNEY

Don was born in West Lafayette, Indiana, May 10, 1925, to Erman and May McKinney. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy on his 17th birthday, May 10, 1942, and was sent to boot camp at Great Lakes, Illinois. He volunteered for the Armed Guard and after gunnery school in Chicago, was transferred to the Armed Guard Center, First and 52nd Streets, Brooklyn, New York. His first ship was the Liberty SS JOHN H.B. LATROBE in Baltimore, Maryland, sailing to Murmansk, Russia. His ship incurred slight damage due to enemy action. His next assignment was the SS GEORGE B. McCLELLAN at Philadelphia, sailing to Liverpool, England, and on to Oran and Mer's El Kiber in North Afri- ca. His next ship, the MV BLENHEIM had engine trouble while in Bristol, England. Since there were no spare parts, he had to stay in Bristol and go on liberty. He returned to the states for more repairs, then sailed to Antilla Cuba and back to New York, New York. Late in 1943, he was transferred to the regular fleet and a short tour aboard the cruiser, USS HOUSTON CL81. While on a shakedown in Trinidad BW1, he was trans- ferred to the USS BANNOCK ATF8 l. They sailed for New York and then to England to take part in the Nor- mandy invasion. His next assignment was the USS WAL- TER S. BROWN DE258 sailing to North Africa on con- voy duty. From the BROWN, he was transferred to Gunners Mate School in Washington, D.C., then assigned to shore duty in San Pedro and Santa Barbara, California, until his discharge December 4, 1945. In December 1946, he re-enlisted and served aboard the USS MIDWAY CVA41, USS MISSISSIPPI EAG128, USS AUCILLA A056, USS ALBERMARLE AV5 and spent two years teaching electronics at Bainbridge, Mary- land. He retired in December 1962. After retiring from the service, he worked on flight sim- ulators for six years and then went to work for Aydin Cor- poration making equipment for the space program. He is now semi-retired and runs a golf course. His wife's name is Jerri and they live in Lafayette, Indiana. Stop by any- time. Don's current address is 2111 Underwood, Lafayette, indiana 47904. RICHARD JOHN McMILLAN

Richard John McMillan was born in Vivian, Louisiana, March 22. 1929. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1944 at age 15 by concealing his real age. "Dick," as he was called, completed boot camp at San Diego, qualified for Armed Guard School, completed same, and was assigned to a ship in Oakland, California -- the LOUIS A. SENGTELLER The SENGTELLER'S ports included Honolulu, Manila, Townsville, Sydney, Australia, and Balikapapen, Borneo, where the war ended. The SENGTELLER also sailed to Guadacanal, Noumea, New Caledonia, and Finchafen; then to Manila for troops and home to San Pedro, California. Action was seen in Peliluie, Manila and Borneo. No one on board ship knew Dick's correct age although he had two birthday parties while serving. He was seriously burned in Balikapapen when a Japanese boo- by trap exploded. He still carries scars on face and arm. All of his married shipmates got off the SENGTELLER dur- lng the ship's second stop in Manila and went home for discharge. While in Manila the second time, Dick and two ship- mates "hitched" plane rides to Tokyo, Japan and back to Manila. The trip took seven days (on a 48 hour pass) and the punishment received was worth the sights of Tokyo, Mt. Fujiyama, the Emperor's Palace and Okinawa. Dick served aboard the LCIG 43 and ADMIRAL C.F. HUGHES for decommissioning and was discharged in 1946. He resides in Vivian, Louisiana, at 302 W. Nevada Avenue with his wife Barbara. His two children and their families also reside in Vivian. His son, Rick, is the Mayor of Vivian. His wife is Toni and they have two sons, Trey and Britt. Dick's daughter, Rebecca, is married to Larry Driskell. They have three sons, Evan, Troy and Dane. Dick welcomes any correspondence from past ship- mates, including G.D. Weed of Iowa; Lt. Max K. Mag- num, Billy Allen, McGeiggan, Barney Holloway and "Babe" Holden. JOSEPH P. McMORROW

Joseph P. McMorrow was born February 7, 1924, to James and Elizabeth McMorrow in Women's Hospital in New York City. He is the oldest of four children. His younger brother, Tom, served on the USS WISCONSIN during the Korean conflict. Joe attended St. Catherine of Genoa Grammar School and then Power Memorial High School. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy September 8, 1942. He reported to Great Lakes Naval Training Station where he spent four weeks in boot camp. Then he had eight days leave before going to the Naval Armory in Chicago for three weeks of gunnery school. At the completion of train- ing, he reported to the Armed Guam Center in Brooklyn. He was assigned to the SS SCHOHARIE and left for Casablanca where he docked on December 30, 1942. The soldiers who were unloading the ship and Joe were sitting in the mess hall when the "whistle" of raining bombs hailed "Welcome to World War II." He returned to Oran on another crossing and then com- pleted eight other convoys in the North Atlantic aboard several other ships. He served on the SS WESTNILUS from July 1943 until September 1944. During this time, he was made GM 3/C and received the Presidential Unit Citation. At the conclusion of the war in Europe, he was assigned to Naval Training School, Treasure Island, California. From there aboard the CAPE GEORGIA (December 1944 to June 1945) and the DAVID BUSHNELL (July 1945 to October 1945), he sailed on convoys to Saipan, Leyte Gulf, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Joe was honorably discharged January 9, 1946. He returned to Washington Heights and a career in the New York City Police Department. In 1948, he married Mar- garet Mary Mclntyre and they had four children: Linda, Robert, Patrice and Jane. He retired from the Police Department in October 1969, and continued police work as a private investigator for several years. He is now fully retired and looking forward to sunny winters in Florida. Joe will always remember and be proud of the years he spent in the U.S. Navy, the Armed Guard and the many men he served with. His current address is 10 Cedar Street, Hicksville, New York 11801. FRANK MEDE

Frank "Stretch" Mede was born July 26, 1925, and is from Revere, Massachusetts. He was trained in Newport, Rhode Island, in July 1943. Frank sailed aboard the SS BULK FUEL and the SS BILLY SUNDAY and was in Okinawa on Easter Sunday. His most memorable experience was with Eddie Tol- land, otherwise known as "Boston." The duo were in France and took an Amphibious-Duck for a joy ride. The MPs saw them going in the water and started shooting at them with machine guns. Stretch and Boston were taken to the Provost Marshall and almost ended up in a Portsmith, New Hampshire, jail. Fortunately, the two were found not guilty by the captain of the Military Police. He says to his friends of the Armed Guard in World War II, "It was worth remembering." He and Eddie, who now lives in Lakeville, Massachusetts, still talk about that esca- pade. Mede received the World War II Victory Medal, the American Ribbon, the European-African Campaign Med- al and the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal. He was dis- charged from the Navy in March 1946 as Seaman 1/C. He is currently the owner of a bar, and has a wife, Jeanne, his one and only love for 44 years. Stretch says that he would love to hear from anyone from the SS BILLY SUNDAY that remembers his and Boston's escapade. His current address is 1020 North Shore Road, Revere, Massa- chusetts 02151. EDWARD J. MERGEN

EdwardJ. Mergen was born in Albany, Minnesota, May 30, 1920. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy June 23, 1942, and went to boot camp at Great Lakes, Illinois. After boot camp, he went to gunnery school at the Navy pier in Chica- go, Illinois, for four weeks. Then he was sent to the Armed Guard Center at Brooklyn, New York, arriving there Sep- tember 3, 1942. His first ship was the tanker SS PAN MARYLAND and he made four trips to Texas. On February 5, 1943, he was assigned to the SS WIL- LIAM B. TRAVIS and made trips to Casablanca, Africa, and back to New York. His second trip was to Oran, Afri- ca, and Naples, Italy. On the way back to Africa, the ship hit a mine, was damaged and left in Bizerte, Tunisia, on September 19, 1943. On September 26, 1943, he was assigned to the SS JOHN HOWLAND for transportation to Norfolk, Virginia. On October 26, 1943, he returned to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. In December 1943, he was assigned to the SS JOHN M. MOREHEAD and sailed for the Mediterranean Sea, stay- ing at ports of Naples, Anglo and Salerno, Italy, Palermo, Sicilia, Algiers and Oran, Africa, and was involved in the invasion of Southern France. He returned to New York and the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York, on October 23, 1944. After a two week leave, he was assigned to the SS BLACKHAWK in December 1944, and sailed for England and to Cherbourg, France. While returning to England, his ship was sunk by a torpedo from a German submarine December 30, 1944. He was picked up and taken to Brixham, England, then to Liverpool and boarded the USS WAKEFIELD. On January 18, 1945, he left Liv- erpool and arrived in New York, January 27, 1945. He was sent to rest camp at Orlando, Florida, for two weeks. He was then sent back to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He had guard duty at the brig for two weeks before being sent to Norfolk, Virginia, for 5-inch 38 caliber hydraulic gun school for four weeks. He was then sent back to the Armed Guard Center in Brook- lyn, New York. He was then sent to USN TAD Center, Shoemaker, California, and assigned to a transport ship en route to the Philippines and then to the island of Okinawa for the inva- sion of Japan. The war ended, however, and he was sent back to San Francisco, California. From California he went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, Naval Air Station and was honorably discharged as GM 3/C December 2, 1945. Edward married Elsie in October 1946, and they have three children. He was employed by Lux Farm Supply as a John Deere Farm Implement Serviceman for 40 years, is retired and now lives at Box 401, Albany, Minnesota 56307. ARTHUR L. MERRILL

Arthur L. Merrill was born January 1, 1925, in Delta, Ohio, as a farm boy. He moved to the bourg of Trilby, which later became part of Toledo, Ohio, when he was eight years old. Registering for the draft, January 2, 1943, he was able to finish out the year of school. He was unable to get a worthwhile job in the summer. He then asked for his draft papers to go into the Navy, as that was 'the only way he could enlist in the branch of service that he wanted. On July 28, 1943, he went for an examination and was accepted in the Navy and given his oath. On August 4, 1943, he was shipped by train to Great Lakes boot camp. On September 27, 1943, he received one week training for the Armed Guard at the same center. After leave from boot camp, he left by troop train to Camp Shelton in Virginia. This was a new camp and muddy, but that did not stop schooling or sea training on the firing ship. On November 8, 1943, he went home on delayed orders for emergency leave and then reported to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. Later on Novem- bet 22, 1943, he left Brooklyn on a train for Baltimore, Maryland, to board the SS JOSEPH GALE. On December 15, 1943, they loaded ammunition after two 3-inch 50 guns were added on the stern of the ship in downtown Baltimore, Maryland, and went to Norfolk, Virginia, to load troops. After loading Navy PT and Air Force personnel, they sailed at 2300 hours on December 24, 1943. The troops were dropped off at Oran, Africa then they reloaded the ship with more troops, and then went to Naples, Italy, arriving on January 29, 1944. Besides cargo and troops, they brought prisoners back to the States. After traveling back and forth to Europe and Africa, he was detached from the SS JOSEPH GALE Sep- tember 5, 1944, and given an 18-day leave. After leave, he was put on the SS JOHN W. GATES in New York, Sep- tember 27, 1944. After a tour through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, he got off the ship in Galveston, Texas, June 11, 1945, and was sent to New Orleaos, Louisiana. On delayed orders from New Orleans, he reported to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He was sent to the ammunition depot at St. Julians Creek, Virgin- ia, where he spent the remainder of his naval career until he was discharged from Camp Shelton in Virginia. Arthur received an honorable discharge December 4, 1945, as GM 3/C. He married Alberta E. Leonard Merril June 22, 1945, and they have three children, a son and two daughters. Arthur is retired on a Teamster pension and supplementing his income working as a substitute school bus driver in Toledo, Ohio. His current address is 3421 McGregor Lane, Toledo, Ohio 43623. CARL E. MESCHER

Carl E. Mescher was sworn into the U.S. Navy October 23, 1942, in Detroit, Michigan. He was then sent to boot camp at Great Lakes. After a short time in boot camp, he was assigned to the University of Chicago Navy Signalman school, where he graduated with a SM3/C rating. Carl was then sent to Mersigs School in Noroton Heights, Connecti- cut. After a short time there, he was assigned to sea duty in the Armed Guard, serving on the following ships: JAMES BARBOUR, THOMAS CRESAP, PIERRE SOULE, TAILSMAN and CHADD'S FORD. He was in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean convoys that took him to ports in England, France, Oran, Arzew, Algiers, Malta, Sicily, Naples and Tarranto. As a signalman, Carl was charged with communications and sometimes this meant changes of course in the middle of the night. Carl found this very exciting, considering the reason for abrupt change of course often was due to U-boats being in the path of convoys. Carl relates that a signalman had to be a very secure and positive thinking individual. Knowing how to spell cor- rectly and have a good memory was also important. On one occasion, his convoy was bound for Sicily. Just before reaching the Straits of Gibraltar, he received a signal that his ship and a few others were to change course and enter the harbor at Gibraltar. Soon after anchoring, there was a great explosion. It was later learned the explosion was the work of a one-man Italian submarine attaching bombs to the keel of a ship. The next day the Skipper of the JAMES BARBOUR (Carl's ship) went ashore to check on his future orders. There weren't any orders. The skipper came back to the ship later in the day and started questioning the competence of the signalman. Of course, Carl in his most positive manner, indicated there was no error. It took three to four days for the new orders to reach the temporarily stranded ships. They were ordered to proceed on to Naples, Italy. During sea duty, Carl obtained his SM2/c rating. In August 1945, he was assigned to the New Orleans PerSep- Cen at the Naval Air Station. He was discharged Decem- ber 16, 1945. He attended Michigan State University, after which he owned and operated a delivery and moving company, then a plumbing business. He next spent 25 years in the savings and loan industry. Currently, he is a real estate broker and operates his own appraisal business. He is married to Ruth, having celebrated their 40th wedding anniversary in April 1989. They have two children, a son and a daughter, and two grandchildren. GEORGE C. MILK

George C. Milk was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, March 15, 1921. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy May 1, 1942, and attended boot camp at Newport, Rhode Island, for six weeks. He completed gunnery school at Little His first tanker assignment was the SS AMERICAN FISHER out of Newport News, Virginia, traveling coast- wise from Texas to New Jersey until December 1942. He next boarded the cargo ship MS AMERICAN BUILDER. Traveling alone without escorts, the ship journeyed from New York via the Panama Canal to Perth, Australia, and on to the Persian Gulf to Iraq. The BUILDER then sailed to Iran, Bombay, Colombo, Ceylon and back to New York. In August 1943, he was assigned to the GULF- WING tanker to go to England and back. The Liberty ship SS JOHN WALKER was his next ship, convoying to the Mediterranean, Naples, Italy, then to Oran, Africa, and back to Naples, Italy, a third time. Loading at Oran, six of the Liberty Ships were destined for Anzio, hoping one would arrive safe. All six arrived safely. They were exposed to air raids, shelling from shore and a near Glider Boom attack. Leaving Anzio after six days, they arrived at Hoboken dry dock for a month of ship repairs. Loaded, they left for England, just missing the Normandy beach head conflict. George's last ship assignment in May 1944 was to the SS EDWARD L. SHEA, a tanker. Sailing to Venezuela from New Jersey, the crew experienced severe hurricanes for two days. The ship's steering engine broke and they lost life boats and rafts. After the steering was repaired, they limped on to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, dropped their load and arrived back in Tampa, Florida, July 1944 and the ship was put in dry dock. George was sent to Brooklyn, New York, then back to Little Creek, Virginia, for a refresher course on guns. In September 1944 he was assigned to Treasure Island, Cali- fornia, as an instructor on small boats and seamanship. With World War II coming to an end, he was sent back to Brooklyn, New York, then on to Lido Beach, Long Island, and discharged November 11, 1945. His current address is 449 St. James Street, Port Charlotte, Florida 33952. CLARENCE E. MILLER

Clarence E. "Gene" Miller was born in Knoxville, Ten- nessee, March 1923. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy May 1942 at San Francisco, California, and was sent to San Diego, California, for boot camp and gunnery school. Gene's first ship was the SS GEORGE BANCROFT, upon which he sailed from August 1942 to January 1943. Other ships he was assigned to were the SS HEGIRA, the SS WEST GOTOMISKA, the SS HAWAIIAN SHIP- PER, the USATJOHN ERICCSON and the SS ROGER SHERMAN. Gene attended Armed Guard School at New Orleans, Louisiana, in July 1943, and at Brooklyn, New York, in August of the same year. He was also assigned to Lido Beach, Long Island, New York, in November 1945. On the SS GEORGE BANCROFT, he traveled from San Pedro, California, down along the coast of South America, stopping at Buenaventure, Columbia, Lima, Callao, Peru, Autofagasto, Chile, Guayaquil, Ecuiado, and Valparaiso, Chile. The ship returned through the Panama Canal to New York, stopping at Novitis, Cuba, along the way. Miller also made several trips to Liverpool, England. On one trip, his ship picked up troops and dropped down to the south of the Mediterranean Sea, joined a con- voy and headed for Naples, Italy. Some of the ships broke off and went to Palermo, Sicily. The remaining ships were attacked before they reached Naples by planes and subma- rines. The convoy lost five troop ships, two or three De's and one Cruiser. They pulled up to the docks to unload 10,000 troops under fire. On another trip, Miller went through the Mediterra- nean Sea to Port Said, through the Suez Canal, down the Red Sea into the Gulfs of Aden and Oman, into the Persian Gulf to Abadan, Iran. The ship left Abadan and headed south along the coast of Africa, stopping at Mombasa, Africa, then headed south to Cape Town, South Africa, and then returned to the States. Miller also made a trip to the South Pacific and new Guinea, the Philippines and returned to the States. He was discharged at Lido Beach, Long Island, New York, November 19, 1945. His current address is 506 W. Boise Avenue, Boise, Idaho 83706. DEE M. MILLER

Dee M. Miller was born in Walnut Grove, Alabama. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy July 7, 1942, and received basic training at the U.S. Naval Training Center in San Diego, California. His next assignment was at Butler University in India- napolis, Indiana, for training as a signalman. After comple- tion of the required courses, he was sent to Noroton Heights, Connecticut for further training in merchant sig- nals (Mersigs). He reported to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York, January 13, 1943, and was immediately assigned to the SS PENELOPE BARKER, a Liberty ship, which was in New York Harbor deploying for convoy loaded with armament and supplies for Russia delivered through the Persian Gulf to Iran. The ship passed through the Panama Canal, with ports of call in Fremantle, Austra- lia; Keramshire, Iran; Bombay, India; Hobart, Tasmania, and back to Philadelphia. He was assigned next to the U.S. Navy Transport COL- ONEL FREDERICK C. JOHNSON, a troop carrier, from September 22, 1943, to July 24, 1944. After a short leave, he went back to California and Trea- sure Island for more troop transport duty aboard the Victo- ry Ship SS SEA PIKE. Loaded with army and marine troops, his ship landed at several Pacific islands including the Marshalls, Marianas Islands, Layte Gulf in the Philip- pines, Peleliu in the Palau Islands, and the Solomon Islands and Manus in the Admiralties. His tour of duty aboard the SS SEA PIKE was from September 5, 1944, to January 23, 1945. Dee's last service attachment was aboard the SS POINT ARGUELLO, a sea going tug, leaving from San Francisco for Seattle, Washington, for pickup of three ammunition barges destined for Okinawa for a final push on to Japan. Fortunately, the Japanese surrendered before the ship arrived. He disembarked the SS POINT ARGUELLA on August 28, 1945, and was honorably discharged October 18, 1945, in Memphis, Tennessee. Dee earned ribbons of the American Campaign for for- eign service and was awarded medals for participation in the European, African and Middle East campaigns. He also received the Pacific Campaign medal with two Battle Stars along with a World War II Victory medal and U.S. Navy Good Conduct Medal. Dee was married August 1947 to Marilyn Legant. They have two daughters, Donna and Lisa. Dee retired after 38 years in sales and sales management. His residence is 626 Pine Needles Drive, Centerville, Ohio 45458. JAMES RICHARD MILLS

James Richard Mills was born January 11, 1925, in Star Lake, New York. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy December 17, 1941, at the age of 16. He attended boot camp in San Diego and received further training at the Destroyer Base also in San Diego. He was then sent to Goat Island and Treasure Island in San Francisco, California, where he attended Armed Guard Signal School. James also served at Terminal Island, Los Angeles, Harbor Island, Seattle, Washington, and Brooklyn, New York. James served with the Armed Guard in World War II aboard the SS LARRY DOHENY, the SS SEA DEVIL, the SS WM. THOMPSON, the SS P.E. CROWLEY, and the SS CAPE NEWENHAM. He participated with Armed Guard forces supporting troops and transporting materials in the South Pacific, the Central Pacific, the Philippines, Okinawa, and the Aleu- tian Islands. His most memorable experience occurred September 2, 1942, when his ship was attacked by a Japanese submarine off the coast of Northern Australia. A torpedo crossed the bow of the ship within several feet. He also experienced numerous air raids in the early part of 1942 and later in Okinawa. Awards James received were for the American Theatre, Asiatic-Pacific Theatre, World War II Victory, Good Conduct, Philippine Defense, National Defense and Kore- an Service. He remained in the reserves following World War II and was recalled in the Korean conflict. He served a total of 11 years, including reserve service. He has been married to his wife, MaNe, for 40 years and has 2 children, Kathl- een and Kevin. His current address is 416 Avalon Avenue, OLAN A. MITCHELL

Olan Altus Mitchell was born November 15, 1920, to Omaf and Vallie Young Mitchell in Trousdale, Oklaho- ma, and was raised on a farm in East Lexington, Cleveland. After working for the Armour Packing Plant and as an iron worker, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy November 17, 1942. He attended boot camp in San Diego, California, and also took five weeks of gunnery training at the repair base. He then was assigned to Treasure Island and San Pedro. Olan went aboard the SS PETER LASSEN on May 1, 1944, and crossed the equator and international date line. The ship sailed to Fremantle, Australia, and left for Colombo, Ceylon, on June 20, 1944. He was told that 18 ships had been sunk ahead and that they were the 19th ship. On June 25, 1944, at 7 p.m., his ship got an SOS from the 20th ship. The ship was sunk by the Japanese submarines. Olan's ship was the only one out of 20 that arrived in Colombo, Ceylon, July 5, 1944. The LASSEN then sailed to Calcutta, India, unloaded its cargo and returned to Columbo and then sailed back to Fremantle. From there, the ship sailed and anchored in Port Phillips Bay, Australia, to drop a sick merchant officer off and then journeyed to Finchaven, New Guinea, and anchored in Seadlor Harbor Los Negros, Admirality Island. The ship then sailed to Finschaven, to Oro Bay, New Guinea, and on Olan's birthday anchored at Hollan- dia, Dutch, New Guinea, November 15, 1944. The ship left Hollandia and took aboard its first aircraft in convoy off Mindanao. On December 6, the ship arrived in Taclo- ban Leyte, Philippines. Later on December 20, the ship shot down a twin engine Japanese bomber in San Pedro Bay. Olan says that they had 137 air raids in 30 days at and around Leyte. On January 6, 1945, the ship sailed from Tacloban and arrived in Lieng Ayen with landing mats and tar. Some sol- diers hit the beach and others came aboard the ship to unload mats for an airstrip and to get the planes out of the air. On January 26, the ship sailed from Lingayen Gulf to San Pedro Bay, then to Hollandia, Manus Admirality Island, Emerau St. Mathces Island, and anchored at Green Island, loaded with 55 gallon empty gasoline drums. On February 26, they left Green Island and sailed to San Fran- cisco Bay, California. On March 30, Olan was detached from the LASSEN in Oakland, California. He reported to the Armed Guard Center (Pac) at Treasure Island, California. The crew was given 30 days leave and travel time and checked back in at Treasure Island. He sailed aboard the LASSEN from May l, 1944, until March 30, 1945. Mitchell went aboard another ship, the SS CORINGIA (New C2), on June 26, 1945, and sailed back to the Phil- ippines. After returning to Oakland, California, he left the ship on October 4, 1945. His most memorable experiences were the air raids in Leyte, 137 of them in 30 days, and the submarine attacks in India, when his ship was the only one of 20 to escape. Mitchell married Lillian Potter November 19, 1942, and has four children. He was a carpenter, construction insurance salesman, oil field worker and sailor. His current address is 3628 S. Parkview Avenue, Okla- CLARENCE EDMOND MORLAN

Clarence Edmond Morlan was born December 19, 1919, and is originally from Wetmore, Colorado. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy December 15,1941, and attend- ed boot camp in San Diego, California, and advanced naval gun school in Washington, D.C. Clarence sailed on the SS PHILIP LIVINGSTON, the SS PRESIDENT MONROE and the SS GEORGE DAVIDSON. His most memorable experience was seeing a subchaser blow up a submarine with depth charges. The submarine had been running under a troop carrier in the Caribbean. He also remembers seeing torpedoes coming toward his ship, the SS PRESIDENT MONROE. Fortu- nately, he was able to report the torpedoes in time so that the ship could evade them. The ship then ran at 24 knots into Australia. Later he was transferred to Seawall Battery in Norfolk, Virginia, and served as an instructor on the 40 mm and 5-inch 38 caliber guns. He stayed there until he had enough points to get out of the service. He was then sent to Shoemaker, California, where he was discharged Octo- ber 4, 1945. Clarence was a hard rock miner, a coal miner, a guard at a Colorado prison, a rancher and farmer. He has a son and daughter, three granddaughters, and is married to Flor- ence H. Morlan. His current address is H.C. #73 Box 3001 Hwy. 78, Burns, Oregon, 97720. CLEDIS L. MORTIMER

Cledis L. Mortimer was born to William and Ida Bell Mortimer May 18, 1912, in Rimersburg, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in July, 193 l. He was sent to Great Lakes, Illinois, for boot camp and then sent to San Diego, California, and assigned to the USS ALTAIR A.D. TENDER 17. He was later sent to Norfolk, Virginia, for discharge in 1935. Mortimer re-enlisted in 1940 and was assigned to the USS BULLFINCH, a training ship for mine school in Yorktown, Virginia. He was rated Coxswain in 1941. As the U.S. Naval Armed Guard was being formed, the Bureau of Personnel sent him to Armed Guard school in Chicago for gunnery training and then assigned him to Algiers Armed Guard Center in Louisiana. In 1942, aboard his first ship the SS DELBRASIL based out of New Orleans, Mortimer was sent with Marines aboard to New Zealand. The ship returned to San Francis- co to pick up "Sea Bees" and sailed for New Hebrides. After arriving back in San Francisco, Mortimer left the ship and was assigned to Algiers Armed Guard Center in Louisiana. He was rated Second Class Boatswains Mate and then reassigned to the SS RICHARD D. SPEIGHT, based out of Charleston, South Carolina. The ship sailed for Egypt via Cape Town, South Africa. After unloading most of the ship's cargo in Cairo, Egypt, the SPEIGHT left for Durbin, South Africa, and was sunk in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar by a submarine. All the Armed Guard crew survived the attack. After three days in life boats and rafts, the crew was picked up on a beach by the South African Army. The crewmen were then sent to Dur- ban, South Africa, where they regrouped with only one merchant marine crewman missing. After three months in Durban, the Armed Guard crew was sent back to the States on the SS PRESIDENT BUCHANAN and anchored in Key West, Florida. All the survivors were issued new uniforms and were sent back to Algiers Armed Guard Center where the crew was broken up. Cledis Mortimer was rated Boatswains Mate 1/C and sent back to the fleet. After 20 years of service, he retired as a Chief Boatswains Mate in 1956. His current address is 15313 Maple Drive, Accokeek, Maryland 20607. CALVIN H. MOSLEY

Calvin H. Mosley was born October 20, 1924, in Bend, Oregon. His family moved to Hines, Oregon, when Cai was six years old. He has lived in that immediate area most of his life, except for a short time spent in California in the mid 1950s. Cal enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve at Spokane, Washington, March 25, 1943. He attended recruit train- ing at the U.S. Naval Training Station in Farragut, Idaho, followed by Navy radio school at the University of Idaho at Moscow. After graduation, he was transferred to the Armed Guard and sent to Compool School at Los Angeles. After six weeks of additional training, he was sent to his home Armed Guard Center at New Orleans. He caught his first ship, a tanker, the SS CHURURUS- CO, in Mobile, Alabama, in January 1944. During 21 months at sea, he also served on the SS CHERRY HILL, the SS WILLIAM M. STEWART and the SS SMOKEY HILL. He was discharged as RM 3/C February 24, 1946, at the PSC, USNB in Bremerton, Washington. Medals awarded included American Area Campaign, Asiatic- Pacific Campaign, European-African-Middle Eastern Area Campaign, and World War II Victory. Cai and his wife, Janet, a registered nurse supervisor for Harney County Public Health, celebrated their 40th wed- ding anniversary February 20, 1989. They have one mar- ried daughter and two granddaughters. Cai plans on retir- ing at the end of 1990, having served as Harney County Treasurer since the mid 1980s. A businessman for many years, he has always been active in community affairs, and in 1975 was honored as the first recipient of the"Harney County Man of the Year" award. The Mosleys plan to travel some after their retire- ment; and it goes without saying that Cai would love to hear from former shipmates. His current address is P.O. Box 5, Burns, Oregon 97720. ERVIN MOSOVICH

Ervin "Moss" Mosovich from Trenton, New Jersey, enlisted in the U.S. Navy at age 17 in 1944. He attended boot camp at Great Lakes and signalman's school at Bain- bridge, Maryland. He volunteered for the Armed Guard and was sent to Treasure Island, California, for additional training. His ship was the USS RED ROVER, a C-2, used par- tially as a "hot ship" carrying explosives. His first trip was to Leyte in the Philippine Islands. At that time, the battle of Manila was in progress. Leyte harbor was filled with the massed might of the U.S. Navy, a signet never again to be duplicated. His second trip from San Francisco was to Guam. Three days from Guam, radio silence was broken to announce the dropping of the first atom bomb. While in Guam, VJ Day occurred, and his memory of the sky lighting up with gun- fire in celebration of victory is still vivid. That night loud- speakers were used to entice Japanese soldiers still in the hills to surrender. Upon his return to the United States, he was sent to the Brooklyn Armed Guard Center where he served as a prison guard at "Hymes College," the nickname of the brig where prisoners gained weight on bread and water due to the sympathetic guards. On Christmas day 1945, he left Hoboken by train for duty on the Yangtze River patrol in China. He was removed from the draft in California to serve as ship's company in Shoemaker, California. Moss was discharged in June 1946, and went on to attend New York University and the Chicago Medical School, graduating with an M.D. degree in 1954. He is a practicing anesthesiologist in New Jersey and has a wife, Naomi, of 37 years, three children and two grandchildren. His current address is 11 Robert Court, Verona, New Jersey 07044. JOHN J. MYERS

John J. "Jack" Myers enlisted in the U.S. Navy Febru- ary 16, 1943, and took boot training at Great Lakes, Illi- nois. He went to Naval Radio school at Bedford Springs, Pennsylvania, for six months, then to Noroton Heights, Connecticut, for commercial radio school, where he was told to forget all about Naval radio procedure and learn commercial procedures. He graduated as a Radioman 3/C. His first ship assignment out of the Armed Guard Cen- ter in Brooklyn, New York, was the Liberty Ship PIERRE GIBRALT. The GIBRALT sailed across the North Atlan- tic in a 100 ship convoy escorted by Canadian corvettes. During the voyage, Jack experienced his first and only sea sickness three days out. The GIBRALT had an "old salt" of a captain and when they experienced some rough seas, he broke out of convoy so as to not lose any of the P-38 planes they had as deck car- go. The strip struggled for three days, but arrived at Swan- sea, Wales, safely. The GIBRALT later made stops at Belfast, North Ire- land; Edinburg, Scotland; and then sailed down to East Ham, England, on the Thames. River. The ship experi- enced a few "kraut" bombings while there, but escaped unscathed. When Jack got back to the States, he ran across an old "boot" buddy from Champaign, Illinois, Thomas N. Tip- sword. His ship had been shot out from under him in the Mediterranean Sea. Jack spent six months at the "ship assignment" office at the Armed Guard Center. At that time the Navy was starting to transfer some of the Armed Guard personnel to the fleet. Jack and Thomas spotted a merchant tanker that needed two Navy radio operators so they signed up. The name of the tanker was the SS TICONDEROGA. The friends boarded the TICONDEROGA in Brook- lyn and went down to Chester, Pennsylvania, where they spent six weeks in dry dock. After that the ship headed down to Curacao and loaded with black oil and headed through the canal into the Pacif- ic. Jack was then assigned to shore duty at Camp Elliot, California, when VJ day came about. Thomas and Jack were then shipped over to Guam for shore duty in October 1945, as they didn't have enough points for discharge. They later came back to the States and Great Lakes, where both of them were discharged in Feb- ruary 1946. Jack says he had many experiences while serving, some good some bad: "but thank God, he got us home safely." Jack now lives at 1926 First Street, Peru, Illinois 61354

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