Joseph T. "Joe" Karbowski was born in Saginaw, Michigan, May 30, 1924, one of 11 children of whom four brothers were to serve during World War II. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy October 1, 1942, and completed his boot training at Camp Green Bay, Great Lakes. There he was trained to do "the Green Bay Shuffle." In January 1943, he shipped out to Little Creek gun- nety school, then went on to Brooklyn Armed Guard Cen- ter, where he was assigned his first ship, the SS PETER HELMS, an old World War I lumber ship. He made his first trip through the Panama Canal. His tour of duty on the SS PETER HELMS lasted from February 22 to May 15, 1943. His second assignment was to the oil tanker SS ARGON. The ARGON sailed across the Atlantic to the Mediterranean in one of the largest convoys assembled for the invasion of Sicily. He reached Palermo and then berthed in Bizerte to refuel combat vessels. His tour on the SS ARGON lasted from May 26 to October 25, 1943. From October 28 to November 6, 1943, he had R&R at the Haverstraw Rest Camp. Joe's third assignment was the oil tanker SS BIRCH COULIE. Two shuttle trips were made to Australia and New Guinea, loading up with oil in Curacao and Aruba. On the return trip, the tanker was loaded with crude oil for shipment back to New Jersey at the Columbian Port of Cartheghena. The stopover was worth the long trips into the Pacific. Joe served on the COULIE from November 27, 1943, to June 6, 1944. His fourth assignment was the SS ARAM J. POTHIER, a Liberty Ship, sailing out of Portland, Maine. He made two Atlantic trips to England, Belgium and the Mediterranean. On the way home, the ship was rammed in the English Channel. And in disembarking from the ship in New York, the truck taking the whole gun crew back to the Brooklyn Armed Guard Center overturned in the Lincoln Tunnel. Joe's tour on the POTHIER lasted from June 18, 1944, to April 2, 1945. On May 29, 1945, he was transferred to the Treasure Island Armed Guard Center, and completed the 5-inch 38 caliber gun school. His fifth assignment, the SS CLARK HOWELL, a Lib- erty Ship, sailed to Luzon, Philippines, unloaded cargo and headed for Hollandia, New Guinea. There the ship was loaded with 450 Sea Bees and arrived at Manus, Admiralty Island. All but two armed guard personnel disembarked and stayed on Manus for 34 days. Finally, Joe and 3,999 other sailors boarded the CV219-USS JOHN HAN- COCK, arriving December 4 at San Diego. His HOWELL tour of duty lasted from August 28, 1945 to December 4, 1945. Joe was honorably discharged from the U.S. Navy at Great Lakes January 9, 1946. He attended and graduated from Michigan State University in 1950 and was employed and retired from Sears and Roebuck Co. He married his wife, Phyllis, in 1951. They have two children, Jim and Janet. He resides at 35527 Springvale Road, Farmington Hills, Michigan 48331. CHARLES VICTOR KARMENDY

Charles Victor was born to Alex and Esther Karmendy September 15, 1924, in Seanor, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy June 7, 1942, and trained at Newport, Rhode Island and Little Creek, Virginia. He was sent to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He was assigned to the gun crew of the USAT COL. FREDERICK G. JOHNSON, an Army transport. He was aboard the JOHNSON from August 1942 until November 1943. The JOHNSON's runs included the Caribbean, the Canal Zone, Central America, South America and the Galapagos Island. He returned to the United States and after leave, report- ed to the Armed Guard Center. He was assigned to the gun crew of the SS JANE LONG. He made several trips to England; his second trip was part of the Normandy Inva- sion. The JANE LONG, a Liberty Ship, was outfitted to carry troops. From June 1944 until February 1945, the JANE LONG shuttled across the English Channel carry- ing troops and supplies. In February, he was transferred to the JOHN GORRIE and came back to the United States. After a leave, he reported to the Armed Guard Center. He stayed in the Center until May when, along with a large group of other gunner's mates and signalmen, he was sent by train to Treasure Island in California. After a boring three months, he was finally assigned to the gun crew of the OSCAR UNDERWOOD and made a trip to the Philippines. While en route, the war ended and soon he was back on his way to the States where he was discharged December 24, 1945. He married Anne Bossi August 10, 1946. They had five children: John, Frank, Buddy, Lisa, and Mark. His wife died March 21, 1978, and their son, Buddy was killed in an automobile accident January 19, 1981. He married Helen Killian February 16, 1980. Prior to his retirement on July 2l, 1981, he was employed by the Norton Company in Santa Clara, Califor- nia. His current address is RD #1, Box 169, Alum Bank, Pennsylvania 15521. LYLE N. KELL

Lyle N. Kell was born in Seuro Woolley, Washington May 8, 1924, and enlisted in the U.S. Navy June 6, 1943 He was trained at Farragut, Idaho, boot camp and took Armed Guard gunnery training at San Diego, California He boarded his first ship, the SS MOBILIGHT December 1942, and served on her until September 1944. He next served on the SS JOHN MUIR from November 1944 to September 1945; the USS TICONDEROGA from Octo- ber 1945 to August 1946; and the USS JASON. Lyle was awarded the U.S. Navy World War II Ameri- can, European, Middle East, Pacific, African and Asiatic medals as well as medals for China Service, Navy Occupa- tion Service with "Asia Clasp," Good Conduct and World War II Victory. Lyle was wounded in the left hand by shrapnel during an Okinawa bombing and strafing raid for which he received the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart. Lyle composed a poem about the service "Hormuz" which is as follows: Hormuz His gold braid shown bright, on the SS MOBILIGHT, that morning in forty-four, The C.O.s face, was grim as he paced, eyes cold, at all thirty or more. Our orders came through, proved safe "Hormuz," they've sunk every ship that's gone out At dawn we must sail, down the Gulf without fail, on us they depend, there's no doubt. 'Tis a bomb that we ride, let's ride her with pride, into death's eye, into the Straits of Hormuz. So watch for the wake, torpedoes will make, we'll move this gas on through. All hands on board, we're gazing out toward, those waters where danger lies. The winds blew calm, as we moved along, and watched as the Straits drew nigh. Not a sound from the men, all faces were grim, guns, ready, manned and aimed, But the Indian Ocean was each man's notion, yet hold the "race" we have gained. For our Men of War, on the day before, with depth charges, subs hopefully defused. The waters grew blue, we knew we'd sail through, providing safe, for now, Straits of Hormuz. In his civilian life, Lyle has done many jobs, but he likes being an ordained Baptist preacher best. He and his wife, Dorothy, make their home at 1135 N. 200th Street, Seattle, Washington 98133. He has two chil- dren, Brenda Jane Kell and Nicholas Raymond Kell. Ray was awarded four Bronze Stars with the U.S. Navy Vietnam team and was in the full TET Offensive. MAX KELL, JR.

Max Kell, Jr., Seaman l/C, and his crew mates had been running shuttle for about six months in the South Pacifc, traveling between Australia and New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Russell Island on a Liberty Ship when they made port to get a load of materials to build runways for an air strip. They departed with the new cargo from Hollandia, New Guinea, with Tokyo Rose telling the convoy to turn back, because she had a warm reception planned in the Philippines. Tokyo Rose even broadcast how many ships there were in Max's convoy, but missed the number by two as two ships could not go along at the last minute. When the convoy arrived in Leyete Harbor, all that was there to greet them was stormy weather, one Japanese plane and one dead, floating body. They anchored in the harbor and watched the nightly fire works, making some of their own as convoy gun crews fired on Japanese bombers and Zeros that later raided the beach. Every third or fourth round, the gun crews fired tracer projectiles so they could follow their line of fire. Max counted 36 downed enemy planes. Several U.S. ships were lost as well. One moonlit night, Max and some friends were stand- ing in the forward gun tub when all of a sudden a low- flying bomber appeared coming straight at them. The pilot banked and his wing touched the water. He hit the water, but gunned his engines and went flying over the ship's port beam when the American gunners got him with a 20 mm. On another occasion, Max's ship was moving from one harbor to another and ran aground. When they tried to free the ship, four enemy planes flew over in formation. Max says he was sure his time had come, but the gun crew's fir- ing broke up the formation and the planes flew on. In another incident, P38s caused a Zero to fly low enough and one of the gunners in Max's convoy set the plane afire. The pilot then dove at Max's ship, he thought, but as the plane got lower, Max and his crew mates realized he was diving at the ship anchorea next to them. The pilot missed, but came so close the men in the forward gun tub jumped overboard. Max's current address is 1713 Orion Way, Sacramento, California 95864. FRANCIS B. KENT

Francis B. Kent, who was born in Gary, Ind., enlisted in the Navy on 30 October 1942, his 17th birthday, and was sent that same day to the training station at Great Lakes. He went through radio school at Madison, Wisc., and was given further instruction, in merchant navy radio procedure and visual signaling, at Noroton Heights, Conn. In May 1943 Kent reported to the Armed Guard Center, Brooklyn, and was immediately assigned to the SS ALEXANDER MARTIN, a liberty ship taking on cargo at Norfolk. The ship, carrying munitions and army personnel below and aircraft and LCMs on her weather decks, joined a convoy, crossed the Atlantic and took part in the landings in Sicily, at Gela and Licata. After lying idle for a month at Oran and Mers el Kebir, in Algeria, more cargo and more troops (veterans of the fighting in North Africa) were taken on board, to be put ashore on the beach at Salerno on the Italian mainland. The Salerno landing was highlighted by the German air attack that put the cruiser Savannah out of action. Returning to Brooklyn, Kent was rated radioman third class and assigned to the SS CHERRY VALLEY, berthed at Chester, Pa. The Cherry Valley, a T-2 tanker, called several times on obscure oil ports in Venezuela (Puerto de la Cruz, Las Piedras), then took on a cargo of aviation gasoline for delivery in North Africa. Several days out of port, with RM Kent standing a signal watch on the flying bridge (old signalmen will appreciate this), the convoy commodore ordered an emergency 45-degree turn to starboard and Kent dutifully ran up the appropriate flag, "Easy." The convoy performed the maneuver and Kent, feeling pleased with himself, suddenly noticed that he was being signaled by flashing light from the commodore's ship. Responding, he was told, "Execute Easy." He looked up and Easy, which was to have been lowered at the time of the turn, was still flying in the breeze. With red face, Kent complied. Over the ensuing months, Kent was to serve on another tanker, the SS ALBERT E. WATTS, out of New Orleans, and the USAT COL. FREDERICK C. JOHNSON, based in Panama. He would see more of the Atlantic and Mediteranean, much of the Caribbean and more of the Pacific than he can remember, from the New Hebrides to the Philippines with many stops in between at such forgotten atolls as Ulithi and Funafuti. When the merchant navy had no further use for Navy radiomen, he was sent to the receiving station at Shoemaker, Calif., and there assigned to the USS COHOES (AN78), a net tender working out of Tiburon, Calif. He had scarcely managed to unpack his seabag when he was transferred to the staff of Commander Minecraft Pacific, then flying his flag in the minelayer TERROR (CM5) at San Francisco. He managed, finally, to make RM2/c before being paid off at Treasure Island on 31 December 1946. Kent also served in the Korean war, on the staff of Commander Amphibious Group One. Most of this time was spent on the command ship ESTES (AGC11), in the Far East, and he managed to make first class before being returned to inactive duty. In the years since the war, he attended Indiana University, got into the newspaper business, got married, and fathered a son of whom he is most proud. He has been retired since 1990 and, until encountering Tom Bowerman on the Internet in October 1999, had never seen or heard from another soul who had served in the Armed Guard, or who knew what it was. He lives now at 12252 Calvert St., North Hollywood, CA, 91606. NElL E. KEYES

Neil E. Keyes is from Rochester, New York, and was a member of the U.S. Navy during World War II. After training, Neil sailed aboard the SS ALBEBARAN from December 20, 1942, to July 15, 1943; the SS GEORGE ROGERS CLARK from August 2, 1943, to April 5, 1944; the SS JAMES G. BLAINE from April 18, 1944, to November 17, 1944; the SS CARTAGO from December 8, 1944, to March 23, 1945; and the SS MARINE WOLF from March 26, 1945, to September 26, 1945. He also was a passenger sent to the States aboard the GENERAL W.P. RICHARDSON from September 26, 1945, to October 3, 1945. Keyes lives with his wife, Janet, and has one daughter, Carol, who is married. His current address is 10 Tarrytown Drive, Rochester, New York 14624. BRIAN COLLINS KIRKPATRICK

Brian Collins was born February 28, 1925, in Ains- worth, Nebraska. He moved to Omaha, Nebraska, in 1936 and to Sioux City, Iowa, in 1940. He graduated from East High School in 1942 and enlisted in the U.S. Navy in February~1943 for a "minority cruise." He attended boot camp at Camp Bennion, Farragut Naval Training Station, Idaho, and then went on to gun- nery training at the San Diego Destroyer Base. Brian arrived at the Armed Guard Center -- Pacific, San Francisco, California -- in May 1943 and was imme- diately shipped out on the SS YOUNG AMERICA Aboard the YOUNG AMERICA, he participated in the landing of the Sea-Bee occupation forces at Milne Bay, New Guinea, a Sea-Bee reinforcement company at Gua- dalcanal, Solomon Islands and the Gilbert Islands Task Force #54.8 landings on Makin Island. After the SS YOUNG AMERICA, Brian served on the SS EUGENE SKINNER, sailing supply trips to the New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Following the SS EUGENE SKINNER, he served as senior petty officer on the SS ABRAM S. HEWITT's gun crew. Aboard the HEWITT he participated in supply trips to the Solomon Islands, the convoy to and landings at Lin- gayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, and a supply trip to Manila in the Philippine Islands. Subsequent to the end of the war in August 1945, Brian served six months at Treasure Island, San Francisco, prior to his discharge in March 1946 at Camp Shoemaker, Cali- fornia. Brian married Betty Foster, his high school girl friend, in San Francisco, California, in May 1944. After his dis- charge, they moved to Pocatello, Idaho, where Brian attended Idaho State College for two years and worked in the Railway Postal Service. During this time a son, Terry and a daughter, Susan, were born. In 1948, the family moved to Ames, Iowa, where Brian completed his bache- lor's degree in mechanical engineering at Iowa State Col- lege. After college, Brian joined the Boeing Company in Seat- tie, Washington, where he worked in aerospace programs engineering and management. Brian retired from Boeing January 1, 1986. He and his wife continue to live in the Seattle, Washington area. Their current address is 15924 22nd Avenue SW, Seattle, Washington 98166. ROBERT JAY "KIRK" KIRKPATRICK

This information on Robert Jay "Kirk" Kirkpatrick was furnished to me by his friend Jay Larson. Kirk was as good a shipmate as you could ever hope to be around. He was patient, listened to you, and gave out valuable advice. He served aboard the SS Sinclair Rubilene, SS Charles N McGroarty, the SS Mobil Fuel and the SS Dashing Wave. He has been a cattle rancher, and along with his Brother Ray, was in the commercial fishing business in and around the San Francisco area. ROBERT A. KISH

Robert A. Kish was born in Fairport Harbor, Ohio, on April 30, 1925, to Steve and Mary Kish. He entered the U.S. Navy July 27, 1943, entering boot camp at Camp Porter, Great Lakes Training Center, Illinois. He received four weeks of gunnery training at the U.S. Naval Armed Guard School, Norfolk, Virginia, and one week at Lido Beach, New York. He boarded SS JOSEPH LEIDY in November 1943 at Norfolk and sailed for Oran, Bizerte, Augusta, Bari, and returned to New York in May 1944. In July 1944, he left the Brooklyn, New York, Armed Guard Center and boarded the SS WILLIAM MOODY for Charleston, South Carolina, Trinidad, Rio deJaneiro, Santos, Sao Palo, Maryland and Philadelphia in September. In October, 1944, Robert boarded the SS WILLIAM FLOYD in New York and sailed to Oran, Ajaccio, Mar seilles, Boston and New York. The second trip was a return trip to Oran, Algiers, Gibralter, Cherbourg, Le Havre, Isle of Wight, Bari, Cardiff, Antwerp, Maryland and New York in August 1945. He was sent to Shoemaker, Califor- nia in September 1945, supposedly for duty in the Pacific -- instead he was returned to Newport, Rhode Island, for big ship training. On December 1, 1945, he boarded the aircraft carrier USS TARAWA - CV-40, commissioning it on December 8, 1945. He was discharged in March 1946, at Great Lakes, Illinois. Robert married Jo Ann M. Korwek in 1952. They have seven children. Robert is retired and living at 545 High Street, Fairport Harbor, Ohio 44077. GLEN B. KITTELMAN

Glen B. Kittelman was sworn in to the U.S. Navy at Olympia, Washington, October 13, 1942, just one day after his 19th birthday. On October 29, he was sent to Far- ragut, Idaho, where he experienced the worst winter of his life. He was assigned to Camp Waldred, Co. 63, Regiment 1, Battalion 4. From January 11, 1943, to February 11, he was at San Diego in the Armed Guard School, where he was assigned to Gun Crew 1022. He left San Diego and went to Treasure Island on Febru- ary 16 and was assigned to the troop ship SS W.A. HOL- BROOK, which delivered troops to New Caladonia and from there went to Brisbane, Australia. He returned to the States on April 2, at which time he felt he was lucky to con- tact tonsillitis. He was taken offthe HOLBROOK and put in sick bay. On May 4, he left for Portland, Oregon, and put aboard a new tanker, the SS BROOKFIELD. He served on the BROOKFIELD from May 24 to November 10, 1943. During this period, he returned to Seattle, at which time he was able to visit his home town and girl friend. While serving on the BROOKFIELD, he stopped in ports at San Pedro, New Zealand, Talara, Lima, Peru and Sydney, Australia. Kittelman and the crew had a bad trip from Lima to Sydney and the Armed Guard was taken off the ship for R and R. While on R and R at Sydney, he was assigned to truck driving for the Navy Receiving Station at the Grand Central Hotel. He drove the truck from November 1943 to October 1944. He left Sydney on October 27 for the States on the MV CAPE IGVAK and arrived home on November 18 for a 30-day leave. He married a home town girl named Lorena on Decem- ber 18, 1944. Then he shipped out on the SS MISSION SANTA YNEZ. While serving on this ship, he went to the Philippines, Panama Canal, Balboa and Saipan. He got off the ship at Mobile, Alabama, and was discharged from the service on December 22, 1945. Since discharge, Glen has spent most of his years in log- ging, trucking and construction. He and his Wife have two sons and one daughter, eight granddaughters and one grandson. He is now retired and living on a small farm near Oakville, Washington, with his war bride, Lorena, and leading a happy life. His current address is Box 424, Oak- ville, Washington 98568. ANDREW KNAPP

Andrew Knapp was born in Masontown, Pennsylvania January 13, 1926, and enlisted in the U.S. Navy Septem- ber 1, 1943. He took boot camp training at Sampson, New York, then was sent to gunnery school at Camp Shel- ton, Virginia. Aker gunnery school, he was sent to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn. He was assigned to the SS WAIGSTILL AVERY December 3, 1943, and sailed to Swansea Wales and back to New York, where the ship rammed a tanker. After repairs in Philadelphia, the AVERY sailed for Bahrein, but was hit in the Mediterranean. Andrew was sent to the 21st Station Hospital in Kharramshahr, Iran, for 32 days. From there he went to Basra, Iraq, for 18 days. He was then assigned to the SS JOHN IRELAND and went back to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn. He was assigned to the SS SAM HOUSTON II and sailed to Naples, returning to Baltimore, Maryland. He pulled lib- erty in New York City without a 50 mile chit, was picked up by the SP's and Comm. Coakley gave him three days on the USS NEWTON. He then spent three days on the SS JONATHAN ELMER, which was being prepared for the Murmansk or Archangel run. He was transferred to the SS ALTOONA, a tanker, sail- ing for Liverpool, then back tO the U.S. He was sent to the SS PIQUA, a tanker, and sailed to Glascow. He was there on VE Day, but wasn't given liberty to go ashore. The ship then went to Aruba through the Panama Canal into the Pacific and on to Leyte. There, the PIQUA fueled ships, mostly destroyers, then returned to Balboa, where the ship got rid of an Ensign and gained a Lieutenant. He sailed next to the South Pacific, Port Morsley, Darwin, and then back to Bahrein. He returned to Panama (having his sea time in) and was a passenger on the USS HEMMENGER to Norfolk. He was with the A and R office at the Center until he was shipped back to Sampson, New York, where he was discharged March 13, 1946. After discharge, he returned home and finished his high school education. In December 1949, he went to work for the Post Office Department in Phoenix, Arizona and worked until he was retired on disability in 1971. In 1975, he went to California University of Pennsylva- nia, and graduated in 1979. In May 1975, he met and married his childhood sweetheart, Madelyn Knapp. She was a great help to him through college and has been a great help with the Navy Armed Guard and now with the Project Liberty Ship -- The JOHN W. BROWN. Andrew and Madelyn live at 8045 Winding Wood Road, Apartment 11, Glen Bumie, Maryland 21061. RICHARD M. KOHSE

Richard M. "Dick" Kohse was born April 6, 1926, in Washington. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy March 17, 1944, and took four weeks training at Farragut, Idaho. He had a 15-day leave and returned to Farragut for two days before being sent to San Diego for four weeks of gunnery school and transfer to Treasure Island, California. Dick boarded the SS SEA BASS leaving San Francisco June 6, 1944, for New Guinea. Aker returning to the States, he boarded the SS JOSEPH LANE for a tour of duty in Hollandia, New Guinea. They sailed to Leyte, Philippines, and to the Lingayen Gulf before returning to the States. His next assignment was on the SS CAPE KUMAKAKI. He then boarded the SS CAPE VICTORY bound for the Lingayen Gulf and on to the Marshall Islands. Upon his return to the States, he was transferred to the fleet and assigned to the USS AMDROMEDA at Bremerton, Washington, and sailed to Saipan and China He came back to Bremerton and was discharged on May 7, 1946. He received the World War II Victory Medal, Ameri- can Area Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Area Cam- paign Medal and the China Service Medal. He considers his major battle one he, another Armed Guard and a Coast Guard serviceman fought against some Army regulars. The sailors lost. Dick worked for many years as a logger and a group life counselor in a group home. He is now medically retired He married Billie Baxter in July 1953. Dick and Billie assisted Madelen Rigg in hosting the 1989 Armed Guard Eighth National Reunion in Seattle, Washington, one of the highlights of their life. They have one son, Darrell, and a grandson, Derick. Their current address is 2304 Lister Road NE, Olympia. Washington 98506.


Marcel Konitzer enlisted in the Navy in Wisconsin. He was assigned to the Navy Armed Guard and we know he served on the SS Philip Livingston in 1944. He also served on the SS Kirby Smith and the SS John S. Copley. Marcel married Marie and they had a long and happy life. He had several sisters and brothers, including Agnes Konitzer Bridger Bast, who is an honorary member in the Armed Guard Veterans Association


Clarence F. Korker was born March 9, 1925, in New Canaan, Connecticut. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy at the age of 17 in 1942. He began his tour of duty March 9, 1943, at boot camp at Sampson Naval Training Base in New York. After boot camp, he was shipped to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, and assigned to a gun crew. However, Clarence was struck down with blood poison- ing and assigned to light duty waiting tables in the officer's wardroom at Commander Coakley's table. After overhear- lng the commander discussing plans to establish a photog- raphy lab on base, he knew that that was what he wanted to do. After serving the commander his favorite meal, Clarence got the nerve to ask him for a job in the photo lab A few days later, the commander called Clarence in and asked him to find a suitable room for the lab. He looked around and found a room on the same deck as the cap- tain's. Commander Coakley challenged Clarence to set up the lab in three days, saying if he could then he would be the ship's company photographer. On the third day, Clar- ence called the commander to the lab, took his picture, pro- cessed it, and delivered it to him within the hour. He got the job. Within a year, a new lab was built on the third floor overlooking the main deck. The lab was staffed by five photographers who handled all the POINTER photo- graphs, publicity, ID cards and dog tags. Clarence served in the lab for the rest of his enlistment. After discharge, Clarence opened a studio in Danbury, Connecticut, but closed and moved to Dallas to work as a real estate agent, where he joined the Navy Reserves. For four years, he was an aerial photographer for the Reserves. He returned to Connecticut and opened a studio in New Milford. Then in 1949, he married Geraldine and in 1951 pur- chased his camera shop and studio in Ridgefield, Connect- icut. In 198 l, he sold the studio to his son, Paul, who also is a photographer. They continue to operate the Ridgefield Photo Shop together. Clarence can be reached at 403 Main Street, Ridgefield, Connecticut 06877. RUDOLPH KOZAK

Rudolph "Rudy' Kozak was born to John and Cather- ine Kozak October 26, 1924, in South River, New Jersey. He entered the U.S. Navy May 27, 1943, as A/s at New- port, Rhode Island. He transferred to gunnery school in Little Creek, Virginia August 1, 1943, as S2/C; then went on to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York, August 28, 1943. He put aboard his first ship CAPE ST. ELIAS as S/1/C and served on this ship from September 1, 1943 to June 19, 1944. After tours of duty in the South Pacific and India, he was transferred to Treasure Island, San Francisco, Califor- nia June 20, 1944. He also served aboard the SS ETHIOPIA VICTORY from July 19, 1944, to January 24, 1945; the SS PLATTE BRIDGE from February 20, 1945, to September 17, 1945; and SS WHITE SQUALL from September 18, 1945, to January 20, 1946. While serving aboard the PLATTE BRIDGE, he was promoted to gunners mate 3/c. After a short leave, he was sent to Lido Beach, Long Island, New York, for discharge March 18, 1946. On November 25, 1966, he married the former Eleanor Urnari. He has one stepson, Allan. In 1977, Rudy and Eleanor relocated from New Jersey to Florida. Their current address is 4950 Dory Drive, New Port Richey, Florida 34652. RUSSELL C. KRENCIPROCK

Russell C. Krenciprock was born to Mary and Harry Krenciprock December 19, 1919, in Youngstown, Ohio. He was married December 31, 1938, to Jennie Clutch. His first son was born August 21, 1940. He was drafted into the U.S. Navy April 27, 1944. He took training at Samson, New York, then was sent to Little Creek, Virginia, for gunnery school, and then to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. His first ship was the SS R. NEY MCNELLY, carrying ammunition to Algiers, North Africa. The crew unloaded smoke pots onto a French ship that was going to Southern France. The French sailors drank wine with their meals, no water. Russell had a few very good meals with them. The French crew had given them 50 gallons of wine for "ballast only." Then the ship headed on its way to Italy. The ship made an emergency stop in Sicily to avoid the enemy. A few days later, it continued to Biery, Italy. After staying there three weeks, the ship returned to the States in late October 1944. The ship went in for repairs and then on Thanksgiving Day set sail with a convoy to Murmansk. The ships arrived in Scotland December 24, 1944, and left to continue onto Murmansk. On the way, the ships were attacked by an ene- my plane. It came so close that the crew could see the pilot. Unfortunately, the crew had no chance to take action. The plane turned out to be a decoy on the MCNELLY's side of the convoy while the main action was on the opposite side of the convoy. Luck was with Russell and his crewmates. The ship crossed the Artic Cirde on January 2, 1944, and continued to Murmansk arriving on January 7, 1944. After docking around midnight, the crew started to unload within 20 minutes. After unloading, the men were given liberty and went to a hotel where a hostess club was wait- ing. Russell visited the library and picked a book titled "We Shall Not Forgive." It was about the war with Ger- many and how many they had killed during World War I and how brutal they were. The ship pulled out before he had a chance to return the book. On the way to Scotland, the ship hit a big storm. Every- one was restricted to midship. A couple of life boats and rafts were lost. The mail finally came and Russell received 76 letters at one time. The ship then returned to its home base in Brooklyn. After a 30-day leave, Russell was assigned to the HADLEY F. BROWN for about two weeks and then was assigned to another ship for two months, during which time he made a trip to Texas and back. He was then put aboard the AMERICAN PACKER and travelled to Gibralter and Port Said, Egypt, and returned home. The war was over. Russell returned to the Chicago U.S. Navy Armory and was discharged January 8, 1946. His family includes his brother, Steve, a 1st Lt. in the Air Force Bombadier B-17 who completed 50 missions and received the Purple Heart. Russell's other brother, Walter, was also a 1st Lt. and pilot instructor with 5,000 flying hours. His youngest brother, Jim, was a Radio Man 2/C on patrol bombing the Pacific, defending the Dutch Harbor and a recipient of the Purple Heart. He was killed in March 1943 after enlisting in the U.S. Navy at the age of 16 on June 20, 1939. Russell is now retired and is enjoying his grandchildren. His current address is 1852 James B. Drive, McDonald, Ohio 44437. CLARENCE L. KURTZ

Clarence L. Kurtz was born July 3, 1925, and is from Columbia, Pennsylvania. He was trained at the US NTS in Sampson, New York, and the Armed Guard School Annex, Norfolk, Virginia. He was a member of gunnery crew #1771-13. Kurtz sailed on the SS WILLIAM THORNTON, the PAULUS HOOK, the SS ELIJAH KELLOGG, the SS MOSES AUSTON, and the SS CAPE PORPOISE. He was a participant in the invasion of France aboard the SS WILLIAM THORNTON and received the correspond- ing award. He is an aircraft mechanic and chock carrier for the Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., and currently lives at 150 Walnut Street, Columbia, Pennsylvania 17512. JOHN J. KUYRKENDALL

John J. Kuyrkendall was born july 4, 1925, at Eldora, Iowa. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy July 30, 1942, at Waterloo, Iowa, and trained at Great Lakes, Illinois. From Great Lakes, he was sent to the Armed Guard Center at Chicago, Illinois for gunnery training. He was transferred to the Armed Guard Center at Brooklyn, New York. He served his country as a gunner on six different ships; the SS DELAIRES, the SS AMERICAN BUILDER, the SS KENSAW MOUNTAIN, the SS MARK HOPKINS, the SS RUDOLPH KAUFFMAN, and the SS HENRY WYNKOOP. He made trips to Australia, the Persian Gulf, India, England, Scotland, Africa, Belgium, and made one of the Murmansk run trips in October 1942. He was assigned to the U.S. Naval Armed Guard School for a refresher course and transferred to NTDC at Shoemaker, California, and put on another ship headed for Japan. The war ended, and his ship returned to port at Port Hueneme, California, and he was discharged October 8, 1945. He married Ramona E. Woodworth July 4, 1946. They have two sons, Dennis and Donald, both of San Antonio, Texas, and four grandchildren. After the war, he took body-fender training under the GI Bill at Waterloo, Iowa and worked in body shops in Iowa and Boulder, Colorado for 25 years. He then moved to San Antonio, Texas, and started his own swimming pool company and now is semi-retired at San Antonio, Texas. His current address is 111 Oak Estates Drive, San Anto- nio, Texas 78258.

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