LeRoy Haas was born to Fred and Mary Anna Haas March 7, 1922, in Wichita, Kansas. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in August 1942, and trained at Great Lakes, Illinois. From there he was sent to gunnery school in Chica- go and then to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He was assigned to a gun crew aboard the SS CITIES SERVICE OKLAHOMA, SS HANNIS TAYLOR, SS ABANGAREZ and the SS RICHARD J. GATLING. While aboard the SS HANNIS TAYLOR in Leghorn, Ita- ly, he met his brother, Don, who was serving in the loth Mountain Infantry Ski Troops. LeRoy is one of 13 chil- dren, three of whom were in the Navy and Don in the Ski Troops. LeRoy was discharged in October 1945. LeRoy married Lenora Heil August 24, 1945, in Wich- ita, Kansas. They have four children and are the proud grandparents of seven. Prior to retirement, LeRoy was employed by Farmland Industries, Inc. in Kansas City, Missouri, for 25 years. Both he and Lenora are members of Grace Lutheran Church in Kansas City, Kansas. LeRoy would like to hear from any shipmates who served with him while in the service. His current address is 1830 N. 31st Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66104. HERBERT PAUL HAHN

Herbert Paul Hahn was born July 14, 1915, in the South Bronx section of New York City, which today is sometimes called Fort Apache. In Public School 54 he learned the daily routine of the Pledge of Allegiance and heard the reading of the Bible at the weekly assemblies in the school's auditorium. Family unity and the sound disci- pline of his parents gave him the foundations he needed for life. He considers himself one of the lucky ones, as along the way he discovered others who made it without the ben- efit of those early building blocks. On October 1, 1939, he married Marion Beckert, also of New York. His father, a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, performed the ceremony. When Her- bert's daughter, Carol Ann, was born February 13, 1941, she was baptized by her grandfather. Her brother arrived May 30, 1944, while dad's ship was in Boston and grand- pa repeated the honors for him. Herbert had his physical at the U.S. Maritime Service enrolling office at 46 Broadway in New York November 16, 1943, and was officially enrolled December 3, 1943. He worked about two blocks away at the Wall Street bank- ing firm of J.P. Morgan and Company, and he recalls that his "greetings" arrived in the next day's mail. He was immediately assigned to administrative duty aboard the U.S. Maritime Service Training Ship AMERICAN MAR- INER (MCE-20), and because of his administrative/ instructor status, his Draft Board classified him as 4-A. He reported to the draft board about every three months for a status review. The MARINER was a Liberty Ship converted to embark and train over 400 unlicensed merchant seamen for two-to-six week cruises. The vessel was home-ported in Staten Island and later moved to a berth at 23rd Street on the East River. The "administrative duty" made him an engine room watch-stander, and over the next three months, hegot his hands-on training as a fireman, water- tender and oiler. He was gradually worked into teaching assignments beginning with safety seamanship and then moving into the steam and water cycle, main propulsion engine, boilers and auxiliaries. Engineer instructors were not excluded from lifeboat drills and the honing of those skills became one of his favorite subjects. Ship's company on the training ships came under the supervision of the War Shipping Administration, Divi- sion of Training, and had to wear the prescribed uniform afloat and ashore. Ratings and pay scales were similar to those of the Navy, but no family allotments were paid. He worked up to Machinist's Mate l/C. During off-duty hours, he worked in the ship's canteen and ran the movies for an extra $ 1.00 on movie nights to help pay the rent and "baby's shoes." He qualified for admission to the Mari- time Officers' School at Fort Trumbull, New London, Connecticut,'and was later sent for specialized Diesel train- ing at Sheepshead Bay, New York. He was awarded the Atlantic War Zone ribbon and received the Presidential Citation with the World War Merchant Marine Victory Medal. His Third Assistant Engineer's License read, "Steam-Diesel-Oceans-Any Horsepower." Herb's current address is 1672 Sumac Place, Corona, California 91720. EDGAR S. HALDEMAN

Edgar S. Haldeman was born May 9, 1925, and is from Chester Springs, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy March 4, 1943, and attended boot camp in Samp- son, New York. He also trained at the Armed Guard Cen- ter in Brooklyn, New York, and Shoemaker, California. Edgar sailed on the SS CHAPUTTEPEE, the SS SHEL- TON JACKSON, the SS FRANKLIN LANE, and the SS KENYON VICTORY. He sailed to South America, England, the Panama Canal, the South Pacific, New Cale- donia, New Guinea, Figi, the Admiralities, Eneuietoke, Guam, and Okinawa. His most memorable experience was going to sea not knowing how to shoot a gun or take it apart and not know- ing a friendly ship or submarine from the enemy, which he said happened a lot. On his first trip, there were only two experienced seamen aboard. But he says "thank god we won the war." He received the American, Asiatic-Pacific, Victory, and European-African awards. In February 1946, he was dis- charged from the Navy. Edgar worked for the P.E. Co., a local electric utility ser- vice from January 1951 to March 1988 when he retired. He likes hunting, mountain-man camping, muzzle hunt- ing and traveling. His current address is 143 Cedar Lane, PAUL HALLMAN

Paul Hallman was born November 20, 1903, and his first enlistment in the Navy was from November 15, 1923, to November 15, 1927, during which time he served on a mine layer, the USS SHAWMUT. The ship was later renamed the USS OGALLALA and was bombed at Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941. Paul was married and had three children at the age of 37 when he re-enlisted in the Navy for World War II. He was sent to gunnery school at Little Creek, Virginia, and the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He was assigned to the SS VACUUM, an oil tanker, as officer in charge of a gun crew of six men. The ship was armed with a 4-inch 50-2-50 caliber Browning (water cooled) and two 30 caliber (WWI) Lewis machine guns. A crew of 14 to 16 men was needed, but Paul only had six. Orders were to teach the merchant crew about guns to help man the guns when needed. Paul also served on the SS GEO. W. BARNES, an oil tanker, the SS SANTA CECELIA, a freighter, and the MS PHOEBUS, an oil tanker. He had served about two and a half years on these ships, when the Navy sent about 200 sailors overseas on the HMS AQUITA NIA. The purpose for sending the 200 sailors to Germany was so they could sail the German ship SS EUROPA back to New York. He arrived in Holland and joined a convoy of trucks, driving from Holland to Belgium to Bremen, Germany. During the trip, they experienced a lot of sniper fire. One man was killed and they took over a German Officers' Camp. He had been in Germany 13 months when the Navy asked him to take a prisoner back to Washington, D.C. They flew from Germany to Scotland to board the MS QUEEN MARY and upon arriving in New York, took a train to Washington, D.C. where he left the prisoner with the Marines and received a 30-day leave. Paul was later told that he was the oldest Armed Guard in the Navy. He was discharged September 10, 1945, rat- ed as BM 2/C. He received the European-African-Middle Eastern Occupation Service Medal, the American Free- dom-Obedience-Zeal, Good Conduct, and the Freedom- From Fear and Want-Freedom of Speech and Religion campaign medals. His most memorable experience was seeing a lot of ships torpedoed off the coast of Florida. The survivors could not be picked up because it was too dangerous. The area was called Torpedo Alley and was in sight of land. He lives with his wife, Elizabeth, and has two sons, James and Richard, who both served in World War II, and a daughter, Carol. His present address is 250 Haven- wood Drive, #300, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin 53147. EARL HALSTEAD

Earl Halstead was born February 10, 1925. He was the third often children and was raised on a farm. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in October 1943 and was sent to boot camp in Sampson, New York. After boot camp, he volun- teered for the Armed Guard to escape the cold weather in New York. After gunnery school at Camp Shelton, Virgin- ia, he was sent to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, Earl was then assigned to a gun crew aboard the WILLIAM RINDOM. After loading cargo, the ship headed for Liverpool. Upon joining the convoy they sailed into a blizzard and the ship had to break off from the con- voy. The captain led the ship into the wind with no head- way. Soon the deck cargo was a mass of ice and the life rafts and boats were gone. The gunnery officer secured the bow watch and the gun crew had to walk the shaft alley to get amidship for chow. After a couple of days, the ship headed for Halifax and into the basin where the ice was chipped off the decks and cargo and the lifeboats and rafts were replaced. Ten days later, the ship joined another convoy headed for Liverpool, England. The ship docked right next to the spot where an ammunition ship had blown up after unloading. The ship then sailed up the Clyde river to Clyde Bank and took on a ballast of pig iron and returned to New York. After the ship was unloaded and dry docked in Staten Island, it was reloaded with ammunition and headed back across the Atlantic. It anchored off the coast of Scotland for 31 days and sailed up, across and down through the Straits of Dover into South Hampton. After three days, the rain let up and the ship joined the largest armada ever assem- bled. Later, while alone off the coast of France, the ship lost its way in fog. The next morning, a Coast Guard Cutter arrived and escorted the ship to Omaha Beach. The cargo was unloaded and a German Tiger tank and tank retriever, destined for the Aberdeen Grounds in Maryland, were loaded. The ship docked at Sparrow Point Ammo Pier and load- ed up with ammunition. Earl went for his coxswain's examination and passed. Next, the ship returned to France, unloaded and then headed back to New York. Earl got off the ship and went home on a 30-day leave. He reported back and volunteered as a gunner and was shipped to Camp Shoemaker in Cali- fornia. He then served aboard the GENERAL M B STEWART, which departed for the island of Samar in the Philippines. A week later, Earl volunteered again to accompany a group of gunners going to Gewian Island. After clearing out the Japanese, the island was made into a supply depot. Earl was then assigned to security guard duty. After 11 months, he had enough points to go home aboard the SS BULEIGH to Treasure Island. He got a 48 day extended leave and then reported to Pier 92 in New York. He was then sent to Lido Beach for discharge. After the war, Earl worked 38 years as a truck driver. He then retired and moved aboard his boat and drifted down to Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. He tied his boat up in the Myrtle Beach Yacht Club and keeps himself busy working on other boats. He also has a small canvas and upholstery shop. Earl has a son, James, in Fayetteville, North Carolina, and a daughter, Paulette, in Newark, New Jersey. He is still waiting for his wife to break away from her tavern and come join him. His current address is P.O. Box 188, N. Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 29597. GEDDIE B. HARBIN

Geddie B. Harbin was born July 25, 1922, in Candler, North Carolina. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy and was sworn in December 16, 1941, in Raleigh, North Carolina. He then was sent to Norfolk, Virginia where he spent three weeks in boot camp and was sent to gunnery school at Little Creek, Virginia, then under construction as a training facil- ity. Gunnery training was given aboard the USS DUBUQUE. He was transferred to the Armed Guard Center, Brooklyn, New York, February 7, 1942, and was assigned to the SS KEWANEE, a tanker which ran from Texas City, Texas, to ports on the west coast of Florida. Many nights on this run he saw ships getting torpedoed. His ship was alone in the Gulf of Mexico and one day on passing Mobile Bay, Alabama, was attacked by a sub which surfaced, but was driven back down by a few rounds from the ship's 4-inch 50. The ship immediately went into Mobile Bay and anchored until the next day. Geddie was relieved November 20, 1942, and given leave. On December 30, 1942, he was assigned to the SS COLIN P. KELLY, a new Liberty Ship. They loaded planes and tanks aboard and sailed through the Panama Canal to Australia and on to Bombay, India. From there the ship went to Port Said, Egypt, where the #5 hole was readied for troops. After waiting for two months, the ship was sent to Haifa, Palestine, to load material. The ship then sailed for Alexandria, Egypt, and loaded troops from the Eighth Army. The ship left in convoy, and after three days at sea it was learned that the ship was going to Sicily. The convoy arrived offAugustaJuly 10, 1943. After three days of constant bombardment by the Germans and Ital- ians, the ship headed home to New York, completing its round-the-world trip. Later it was learned that Geddie had received a com- mendation for conspicuous bravery displayed as a member of the Armed Guard Unit aboard a merchantman during the invasion of Sicily, July 10-14, 1943. He was given leave and returned to Armed Guard Center NOLA and was assigned to the SS LAKE FOLCROFT. After 13 months, he was relieved and again given leave and returned to Armed Guard Center NOLA. Geddie passed away May 2, 1989. Also serving in World War II were three of Geddie's brothers. Charlie L. Harbin, Jr., enlisted in the U.S. Navy Sep- tember 7, 1942, and was discharged in November 1945. He died March 17, 1985. Lester K. Harbin, still living in Norfolk, Virginia, enlisted in the U.S. Navy December 4, 1945, and was dis- charged January 20, 1969. Another brother, W. Ray Harbin, who served with the Army in World War II, is also deceased. The preceding biography was submitted by Geddie's brother, Bucky Burke. His mailing address is Apartment 5, 28 Hampton Heights, Canton, North Carolina 28716. EVERETT ERVIN HARTMAN

Everett Ervin Hartman was born April 23, 1925, in Kingwood, West Virginia. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy at Fairmount, West Virginia, August 2, 1943, and trained at Great Lakes, Illinois. From Great Lakes, he was sent to the Armed Guard Center in Gulfport, Mississippi, where he was trained in gunnery. He then was sent on to Shell- beach, Louisiana, for more training in anti-aircraft November 18, then was transferred November 25, 1943, to the Armed Guard Center, Treasure Island, California, where he was assigned aboard the SS JAMES M. GOOD- HUE, a Liberty Ship December 6, 1943. The ship made two trips to New Guinea from San Fran- cisco, California, docking in Milne Bay, Ora Bay, Buna, Lae, But, Finsehhafen, and Aitape. On the last trip back, the ship's boiler lost a tube and the ship lumbered at about 8 knots for 31 days, finally reaching Honolulu. It took about 3 weeks to repair and put in the boiler so the crew was given liberty. Everett was transferred to Adak, Alaska, then assigned to the Destroyer USS BEAR SS DD 654, which made sev- eral bombardments on the Kurile Islands, sank three ships, and assisted in the occupation of northern Japan. In Janu- ary 1946, he was transferred to Norfolk, Virginia, then to Bainbridge, Maryland, where he was honorably dis- charged March 15, 1946. He is retired from Mead Paper Company, where he had worked for 42 years, and is married to Virginia Crabtree. They have 7 children from previous marriages and one child, Philip Hartman, age 15, who lives with them. Everett now lives at 3359 Moss Hollow Road, Chilloco- the, Ohio 45601. WILLIAM N. HARTSFIELD

William N. Hartsfield was born February 2, 1924, and is originally from Columbia, Tennessee. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy December 12, 1942, and trained at the NTS and R/S Armed Guard Center in San Diego, California. William sailed on the SS THOMAS CORWIN, the SS JAMES LICK, the SS SAPULPA VICTORY and the SS SEA BASS. His most memorable experience was at Pearl May 21, 1944, when the LSTs blew making ready for the South Pacific push. On December 16, 1945 he was discharged with the rank of Seaman 1/C. He attended and graduated from the University of Missouri in 1951 with degrees in agriculture and journalism. He was a newspaper editor in Liberty, Illi- nois, and is now a real estate broker and land developer in Orlando, Florida. He is married to Merle D. Hughes and has one son, Christopher David, and one grandson, Ryan Christopher. His current address is P.O. Box 398, Oakland, Florida 34760. ROBERT A. HARVEY

Robert A. Harvey was born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, in 1925, and enlisted in the U.S. Navy at Springfield, Illi- nois when he was 18. He received training at Great Lakes and Gulfport, Mississippi. He was assigned to the SS JOHN HART at Norfolk, Virginia, and went to Cairo, Egypt, in an 80-ship convoy, which was attacked off Algiers. Two ships were sunk including the COMMODORE. Robert shipped out on the HART again after some minor modifications. The HART was loaded with bombs and ammo at Cavens Point, New Jersey, and proceeded to Guadalcanal and offloaded. He shuttled for eight months between New Guinea, the Solomons, the Carolines, and the Admiralties, and then docked at San Francisco, Cali- fornia. His next ship was the SS AGWISTAR, a 1919 Hog Islander which ran into a hurricane off Miami. The storm caused a lot of damage and killed an armed guardsman from Wisconsin. The ship was repaired and was on its way to England in convoy when it was damaged again when an escort dropped a charge too close. It was repaired in Bel- gium, then hauled medical supplies into Antwerp, Bel- gium, where the area was under constant attack from V 1 and V2 buzz bombs. Robert's last ship was the USAT BRAZIL, which shipped out of New York to Gibraltar, where Secretary ol War Henry Stimson was dropped off. The BRAZIL ther sailed to Marseilles, France, loaded troops, and went to the Philippines. The Armed Guard crew of the BRAZIL won a ship', citation for loading and ferrying wounded from Leyte tc Samar. Robert is now retired after 38 years in the Internationa Union of Operating Engineers. His current address is 2921 W. 7th Street, Peru, Illinois 61354. JEFF DAVIS HASELDEN

Jeff Davis Haselden was born to Herbert and Vallie Haselden December 15, 1923, at Socastee, South Caroli. na. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy on January l 5, 1942, and was stationed at Little Creek, Virginia. He then was sent to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. His first assignment was to the gun crew aboard an Army Transport, USAT ERNESTJ. HINES in New York March 1942. The ship took on troops at Charleston, South Carolina, and sailed for the Galapagos Islands by way of the Panama Canal. The ship then followed the Central American coastline, picked up Japanese merchant seamen and transported them to San Francisco. More troops boarded the transport and were taken to Alaska. After returning to San Francisco, a fourth group of troops boarded and the transport traveled to Honolulu, New Caladonia, New Hebrides, Fiji Islands to Honolulu and back to San Francisco. Jeffwas next assigned to the SS ALEXANDER GRA- HAM BELL, November 1942. The ship traveled to New Zealand, Suez and Egypt, stopping in Adan, Arabia and West Coast Africa. The BELL then sailed for Anglo- Egyptian Sudan to Capetown and on to South Africa, Bahaia, Brazil, Dutch Guiana, San Juan, Puerto Rico and New York. The trip lasted from November 1942 to May 1943. The SSJOFlN RUTLEDGE was his next assignment in the Mediterranean Sea, shuttling between Italy and North Africa from May until December 1943. The ship went through a hurricane while in the Atlantic. Jeff served aboard the SS JOHN HOLMES from Feb- ruary to July 1944. His next ship was the SS CHARLES G. COUTANT from January to October 1945. The ships served in the areas of England, Ireland, North Africa, Per- sian Gulf and the Suez Canal. He was on general duty in Charleston, South Carolina, from October to December 1945, then was transferred to the receiving station in Norfolk, Virginia and assigned to FFT USS ATR 22 for duty. Cuba was the designation. From the ATR 22,Jeffwas transferred to the USS LEY- TE, an aircraft carrier, his last ship. He was discharged August 5, 1946. Jeff married Mabel Ream January 3, 1944. Their chil- dren are Jeff, Jr., Carol, Edward, Henry, Teresa and Robin. They have 12 grandchildren. Jeff retired fi'om Dupont in Lugoff, South Carolina, February 1983. He now lives at 120 Richardson Boule- vard, Lugoff, South Carolina 29(178. RICHARD RUDY HAUFE

Richard Rudy Haufe was born October lO, 192 l. He was inducted into the U.S. Navy July 17, 1944, and trained at Bainbridge, Maryland, Co. 3437. He volunteered for the Armed Guard and attended gunnery school at Shelton, Virginia, as a member of gun crew No. 3488. Richard was sent to the Armed Guard Center, Brook- lyn, New York, and was assigned to the Liberty Ship, SS MARY A. LIVERMORE, which he boarded November 17, 1944, at Boston, Massachusetts. He had the 20 MM gun No. 5 on the bridge. After going through the Panama Canal on December 12, 1944, he arrived at Saipan on Feb- ruary 16, 1945, where the ship was unloaded. Richard returned to San Pedro, California on March 18, 1945, his ship then went to Port Huemene, California, where it was loaded with cargo for the invasion of Okinawa. He left on March 29, 1945, to join a convoy at Ulithi on May 4, 1945. He arrived at Buckner Bay, Okinawa, May 10, 1945. On the morning of May 27, 1945, the gun crew shot down a kamikaze and the next morning on May 28, 1945, the ship was hit by a kamikaze sneak attack. The Captain, six crew members and four Armed Guard men were lost in the attack. Many others were wounded including the gunnery officer. The ship was damaged but stayed afloat. Later that same morning the gun crew shot down another kamikaze, after that they had kamikaze raids every day until they left without convoy on June 6, 1945. The ship stopped for repairs at Saipan before returning to San Francisco, Califor- nia. Richard left the SS MARY A. LIVERMORE August 4, 1945. He received a 30-day survivor's leave, after which he was sent to the Philippines. Richard was discharged January 22, 1946, at Bain- bridge, Maryland, and returned home to his wife, Bernice, whom he married October 3, 1944. They have one son, Eric and two grandsons. They live on the family farm: RR 1, Box 267, Marydel, Delaware 19964, where Richard has lived for 6 l years. WALFRED E. HECKENLAIBLE

Walfred E. Heckenlaible, known to his shipmates as "Heck" was born in Freeman, South Dakota, June 23, 1922. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy September 16, 1942. He was sent to San Diego, California, for boot camp and took gunnery training at the destroyer base there. He was then transferred to AGC San Francisco, November 21, 1942. After training, he was assigned to the ESSO LITTLE ROCK, a tanker from November 24, 1942 to May 2, 1943. After several trips to the South Pacific Islands around Guadacanal, he was transferred to a Liberty Ship, the PT BARNUM from May 31, 1943 to July 17, 1943. During this time, he suffered an acute attack of appendici- tis while at sea and was taken offthe ship in Tasmania and sent to Melbourne, Australia, where he underwent surgery. After two months, he was assigned to a cargo ship, the SS CAPE GREIG from September 17, 1943 to December 6, 1943. During this tour of duty near Okinawa, he spent many harrowing moments manning his gun turret under cover of smoke screens as Japanese suicide planes dive-bombed supply ships at random. In December 1943, he again was transferred, this time to a Reefer, the SS SAN BRUNO from December 27, 1943 to August 17, 1945. For 20 months he made many trips from Auckland and Napier, New Zealand to Noumea, Iron Bottom Bay and other points. He met his wife of 45 years in Auckland, as did two of his shipmates -- Lee Odom, formerly of Chipley, Flori- da, and Don Reisiek, Ojai, California. All three war brides returned to the United States aboard the SS LURLINE on May 7, 1946. Lee is now living with his family in Auck- land and Don and family, he believes still live in Ojai. Heck was discharged October 18, 1945, and after his wife and son joined him, they farmed for nine years, mov- ing to Anaheim, California in 1956. Fleck has seven chil- dren, five girls and two boys. Both boys served during the Vietnam War (one was a sergeant in the U.S. Air Force, the other a sergeant in the U.S. Army stationed in Korea. They also have 19 grandchildren and three great- grandchildren. Heck entered the field of law enforcement with the Anaheim Police Department and later joined the Placentia Police Department retiring with the rank of Detective Sergeant. For the next 11 years, he was a special investigator for American Stores. His present address is 34181 Tractor Trail, Lake Elsi- nore, California 92330.



Aubrey "Bud" Hensel was born in Milford, Massachu- setts in !925 and trained as a signalman in Noroton Heights, Connecticut. He served at Brooklyn Armed Guard Center, then in the Pacific Arena for the major por- tion of World War II. After serving on many ships doing North Atlantic Con- voy duty, he was assigned to the coal coastal collie CHARLES L. O'CONNER. Her armament was an English WWI 3-pounder manned by a 3/C GM with strikers and a signalman. She ran from Newport News Virginia, to the Bath, Maine, destroyer shipyard. On May 3, 1945, Bud's coal laden collier left Newport News heading north in a 12 ship flotilla escorted by 3 WWI wooden eagle boats. During the afternoon of May 5, they passed east of Block Island, not knowing that U-853, nicknamed "Tightrope Walker" lay in wait. Behind them was the sis- ter ship, the coal collier SS BLACK POINT, carrying Armed Guard G.M. Whitson Lloyd. Whitson's ship was Boston bound. The U-Boat fired at the tanker with a sonically guided- to-target torpedo and the BLACK POINT, another very old steam-driven collier, passed too close to the torpedo. The torpedo changed course due to the collier's loud noise. "BLACK POINT" was four miles southeast of Point Judith when the torpedo tore away 40 feet of her stern. The collier rolled to her portside, capsized, and sank within sight of land. Whitson Lloyd and 11 Merchant Mariners were the last victims of a German U-Boat off the American Coast during WWII. Proceeding toward the Cape Cod Canal, Bud's ship, the CHARLES L. O'CONNER, stalled due to boiler trouble. It later limped into the canal for overnight repairs. Bud fig- ured he missed BLACK POINT'S fate by 20 minutes. Tightrope Walker was sunk the tbllowing day and lies on the bottom off the coast of Rhode lsland. Because of war time censorship, the American people were never informed about how close the enemy came to the United States. One hundred miles from Bud's home lie the graves of the BLACK POINT and U-853, the last Naval battle of World War II fought in American waters. Bud received medals tbr the American Theater Cam- paign, European-African-Middle Eastern and Asiatic- Pacific Campaigns, China Service and a Presidential unit citation. He now lives at 12 Taft Avenue, Box 356, Mendon. Massachusetts 01756. THOMAS K. HICKSON

Thomas "Tom" K. Hickson was born July 29, 1925, in Brooklyn, New York. At 17 years of age and a senior at high school, he enlisted in the U.S.Navy. After boot camp at Newport, Rhode Island, he was sent to the Armed Guard Center, Brooklyn, New York, where he was assigned in November 1943, to the SS HUGH WIL- LIAMSON, a Liberty Ship, and made two voyages, dock- ing at Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Durban, Lourenco Mar- ques, Mozambique, Egypt, Tunisia, Sicily and Barie, Italy. In November 1944, he was assigned to the CECIL N. BEAN as a gunners mate 3/C and made two trips to Rus- sia -- one to Murmansk and one to Archangel SK. After leave, he went to Pre-Commission School at Nor- folk and then was assigned to the USS FiSKE (DD842) and went on its shakedown cruise to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. In March 1946, he was discharged at Lido Beach, New York. In 1948, Tom joined the New York City Police Depart- ment where he served in the Harbor Patrol Unit for 31 years. He was based at the Brooklyn Armed Guard Center. In 1983, he and his childhood sweetheart, Mary, moved to Durham, North Carolina, where they will celebrate their 42nd wedding anniversary this year with their three chil- dren and two grandsons. Tom's current address is 5614 Woodberry Road, Dur- ham, North Carolina 27707. JAMES R. HILLER

James R. Hiller was burn August 6, 1921, in Minneap- olis, Minnesota. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy May 4, 1942, and was discharged December 26, 1945. He is married to Helen E. Logid. They had three chil- dren, including a son, James R. Jr.; and two daughters, Judy and Linda. Lin& died in an auto accident in 1979. He trained at Great Lakes, Illinois, then was sent to Armed Guard Gunnery School at the Naval Armory, Chi- cago, Illinois. He was assigned to the Armed Guard Cen- ter, Naval Station, New Orleans, which became his home port. In August 1942, he was attached to a new Liberty Ship, the WILLIAM R. DAVIES out of Wilmington, North Carolina. They took on cargo in Charleston, South Carolina, then sailed August 6, 1942, for Cape Town, Africa, passing through the Mid and South Atlantic, then went up the east coast of Africa. He was back in Brooklyn January 1943, where the entire gun crew was given delayed orders and leave. After leave, he reported to AGC, NOLA, became Storekeeper 3rd in Disbursing. He was transferred June 16, 1943 to Navy V- 12 School as Ship's Company in Milligan College, Johnson City, Tennessee. He requested a change in rate from SK3 to GM3 through channels, which was approved by BuPers in September 1943. He was then transferred to the Naval Ammunition Depot, NOLA. In October 1943, he requested transfer back to the Armed Guard, NOLA, which was granted. Jim reported aboard the WM. PACA December 4, 1943, in NOLA and made three runs to England. London, Liverpool and Swansea, Wales, were ports of call. He was detached July 17, 1944. He reported aboard the C.A. CANFIELD, a tanker August 17, 1944, and hauled aviation gas up the east coast of the States. He was detached February 13, 1945. Jim made GM2C on this ship. In May of 1945, he was assigned to the SS EDWIN CHRISTENSON and sailed through the Panama Canal to the Pacific. The ship stopped at Eniwetok, New Guinea, and the Philippines. He was in the Philippines on V-J Day, then he sailed for the States and was detached in San Francisco, California October 17, 1945. He was transferred to Shoemaker, California, and then to NAS, Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he was dis- charged December 26, 1945, only to re-enlist later in the USNR with a final discharge August 6, 198l. His service consisted of 11 years active and 17 good reserve years, for a total of 28 years. James now lives at 1499 Hwy. 210 West, Brainerd, Minnesota 56401. JAY L. HINKLE

Jay L. Hinkle was born to Jay and Ruth Hinkle Septem- ber 12, 1920, in Yakima, Washington. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy November 5, 1942, at Seattle, Washington. He trained at San Diego, California, and attended gunnery school there. He was sent to the Armed Guard Center at Treasure Island, California, for further gunnery training. In August 1943, he was assigned to the SS JAMES LICK as GM 3/C until he left the ship in San Francisco in June 1944. He was then assigned to the SS Bluefield Victory in October 1944, which was loading ammunition at Mukilteo, Washington. In early 1945, the BLUEFIELD VICTORY anchored in Subic Bay, Philippines. As soon as the ship was in position, destroyers and destroyer escorts came along to load ammunition for the bombardment of Corregidor. As soon as one ship was loaded and left, anoth- er would be there. A short time later, the BLUEFIELD VICTORY was approaching Leyte with one destroyer for an escort. A Japa- nese plane came over and dropped a bomb. Fortunately, the bomb missed the ship. The plane was hit and it fell into the ocean while making a turn to make another pass. There were no injuries or damage to crew or ship. Sometime later, the ship was anchored at Leyte about 200 yards or so from a United States cruiser, which was tied to an Australian tanker. A kamakaze plane came out of the sky and went through the forward tanks of the tank- er. Fortunately the tanker was empty so there was no explo- sion. Jay left the SS BLUEFIELD VICTORY at Leyte in May 1945 and returned to San Francisco on thc SS FAIRISLE In October 1945, he boarded the MS PER1DA in San Francisco for a trip to Manila, Philippines, and left the ship in Seattle. He was discharged September 6, 1947, as a GM 1/C. On December 27, 1947, he married Jenny Swegles. They have two children, John and Jerolyn. He retired from the position of tax audit manager Feb- ruary 11, 1984, after 3 1/2 years with the Michigan Department of Treasury, Lansing, Michigan. Jay now lives at 2340 Devonshire Avenue, Lansing, Michigan 48910. GEORGE JERRY HINKLEY

George Jerry Hinkley was born December 7, 1924, in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. He attended school in Patterson and Brewster, New York. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy December 20, 1941, and attended boot camp at the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. His only brother, "Buster," born November 1, 1918, was denied entry into the Navy due to bad teeth. Buster was killed on February 6, 1945, as a PFC with the 152 INF 38 Division in the Philippines at Luzon. In February, 1942, George sailed the MOR MAC MOON, with a six-man gun crew to South America. In August 1942, he sailed on JLM CURRY to Murmansk, Russia, arriving Christmas Day 1942. The CURRY and most of the returning convoy ships were sunk by subma- rines, planes and German "Men of War" ships in early March 1943. The CURRY sank as a result of bombing near misses that had weakened the hull and a severe storm that followed, splitting the ship's hull in two places. A friend of George's, Harold, ("Harry" or -Schiltz") Schultz of Milwaukee died December 2, 1983. Harry made three or four trips in a motor whale boat with survivors of the CURRY to the English rescue ship. George says, "men like this gentle giant 6'2" 225 lbs., should not be forgot- ten." In 1942, George sailed on the SS JOHN WOOLMAN to South Africa, the Panama Canal, the Suez Canal, Egypt and England. In 1945, he sailed aboard the USS SAVAN- NAH off Newport, Rhode Island, where U-boats were operating in the area. He was then shipped to San Diego. After training with the Scouts and Raiders, he headed for the Pacific as the war ended. He was discharged on Decem- ber 10, 1945. He married Irene Gaines in 1946, has a son, Gregory; a daughter, Patricia; and eight grandchildren. He com- pleted his education in the A.M.I.A. Insurance Program in Chicago. He is a former claims manager for American Mutual Liability Insurance Company in Poughkeepsie and Syracuse, New York. He also worked as a private investi- gator in Florida. He now works for himself as an insurance adjuster and investigator. His current address is 6251) Roosevelt Boulevard #76, Clearwater, Florida 34620. L. HOLMES HOLLAND, SR.

L. Holmes Holland, Sr. was born March 25, 1922, in Clinton, South Carolina. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy Sep- tember 4, 1942, and received training at the Naval Train- ing Station, Norfolk, Virginia, the Armed Guard Center, Little Creek, Virginia, and the Armed Guard Center, Brooklyn, New York. Ships he served on were the SS JOHN C. FREE- MONT, the SS WESTERN SWORD, the SS THOMAS G. MASARYK, and the SS HENRY BARNARD. While aboard the SS THOMAS MASARYK in the Mediterra- nean Sea 20 miles offDema, Libya, the ship was torpedoed by a German submarine while en route to Abadan, Iran, from New York. His most memorable experience was jumping into 15-foot seas and waiting for a ship to pick him up. Holmes received the American Area Campaign Medal, the African-Middle Eastern Area Campaign Medal, I Star, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, the Victory Medal and Point System. He was discharged from the Navy December 31, 1945. He then worked with the Liberty Life Insurance Company for 25 years and retired on February 5, 1985. He has a wife, Mary Anna, and four sons, three of whom are mar- ried, and four grandchildren. He says that the whole family lives within 30 miles of home so they are quite close. His current address is 207 Ferguson Street, P.O. Box 665, Clinton, South Carolina 29325. NICHOLAS HORNEY Nicholas "Nick" Homey is from New Castle, Pennsyl- vania, and was a member of the Armed Guard in the U.S. Navy. Nick sailed aboard the CLARA BARTON to France the day after D-Day. He also sailed aboard the EDWARD PAYNE to Australia and the FRANK A. MUNSEY. He was rated GM 3/C at the time of his honorable discharge. He is retired after teaching industrial arts for 38 years. Nick and his wife, Virginia, reside at 604 W. Englewood Avenue, New Castle, Pennsylvania 16 l 05. They have two daughters, Maryett and Kay Lyn. MERLIN B. HOUDESHELL

Merlin G. Houdeshell of Bushong, Kansas, enlisted in the U.S. Navy ten days after Pearl Harbor. He was induct- ed in Kansas and took boot training at San Diego, Califor- nia. He volunteered for Armed Guard and took gunnery training at San Diego Destroyer Base, then he was sent to New Orleans and assigned to a gun crew on the Liberty Ship, DANIEL MORGAN. The MORGAN joined a Russian-bound convoy (PQ 17) at Reykjavek, Iceland, and was sunk on July 5, 1942. Survivors of the MORGAN were rescued by the Russian tanker DONBAS, which was en route to Archangel, Rus- sia. The crew spent seven weeks in Russia, then transported back to the States on a British mine-sweeper, the Destroyer RODNEY, a Tuscaloosa cruiser, and the Battleship NEW YORK. Back at his base in New Orleans, Merlin was reassigned to the JAMES PARKER, utilized by the U.S. Army as a troop transport. On the JAMES PARKER, he made 27 trips across the Atlantic, involving the European, Mediter- ranean and African theaters. The ship docked in approxi- mately 75 foreign ports, including ports in Ireland, Scot- land, England, Wales, France, Sicily, Italy and Africa. Trips were made under combat conditions, keeping the gun crew on constant alert for submarine and air actions. The JAMES PARKER served as a hospital ship as well as a troop transport. USO entertainers were taken to for- eign areas, and wounded Americans and prisoners were brought back. Merlin was promoted to Second Class Boatswain. He was honorably discharged in September 1945 after serving 45 months. He was awarded the Russian merit in Action, U.S. Navy Commendation, Good Conduct ribbon and ribbons for European, Mediterranean and African theaters. Upon separation from the Navy, he used the Gl Bill and trained for Electric Motor Repair and Rewind, and worked as a journeyman electrician for 40 years. He retired November 1985. Merlin has been active as a Boy Scout leader, and earned the highest adult Scout leader award -- the Silver Beaver. He is also very active in church work. His family consists of his wife, Ina, two sons and a daughter, and four grandchildren. His address is 1959 Ironton Street, Aurora, Colorado 80010. DALE C. HOUSE

Dale C. House was born December 8, 1923, and is orig- inally from St. Louis, Missouri. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy June 23, 1942, and was sent to Great Lakes, Illinois, for boot camp and gunnery school in Chicago, Illinois. He was also assigned to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He served aboard the SS ROBIN WENTLEY, the SS J.D. ROSS, the SS MORRIS SHEPPARD and a LCS IL) 64. He received the Good Conduct Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the Navy Occupation Service Medal with Asia Clasp, the National Defense Ser- vice Medal and the Philippine Liberation Ribbon. Dale was involved in the invasion of Okinawa in April 1945 and was assigned to Radar Picket Duty in the same month. He was discharged from the Navy October 13, 1945, attaining the rank of GM 2/C. His most memorable experience was when he and three other men went ashore at Espiritu Santos, New Hebrides, in a three-man doughnut on an island where there wasn't anyone except headhunters. They crawled through the vines and the caves. The water was infested with sharks. They had to row, back to the ship in an 11 to 15 knot cur- rent. The current pushed them 100 yards past the ship. The crew was cheering them as if they were making a foot- ball touchdown. Their kind and gentle officer sent a high speed boat out to rescue them before they got into a mine field. Another memorable experience was when Dale and the crew were told that the ship didn't have any air coverage. They were instructed to fire at any aircraft they saw. Two planes came over an Island about two miles away. The planes were flying low over the water and converging on the ship. They opened fire and the two planes, F4U's, turned away. After being fussed at for shooting at the F4U's, two more planes appeared in the same location. The planes were Japanese, but they were instructed not to fire on them. As the planes passed over the ship, Dale pressed down the button on his head phones and said "they must be advertising red ball boots." The planes proceeded to the starboard of the ship. One turned away and went after another ship in the convoy and the other gained altitude. Practically out of sight, the plane turned and came hurtling down at approximately 350 miles per hour. The plane was high enough that all the guns on Dale's ship could fire at it. Hundreds of bullets were going into the nose of the plane. The pilot fired his machine guns about half way down and at approximately 1,50/) yards out he corrected his flight path. At 1,000 yards Captain Fogg gave orders for the ship to take a hard left. The plane crashed approxi- mately 50 feet on the starboard, spraying the ship with gas- oline and wreckage. The crew was physically shook-up by the explosion. The flash from the explosion was so big that the people they picked up from the USS BUSH couldn't believe that the crew survived. He spent 30 years as a carpenter and is now retired. He has a wife, Virginia; three children, Richard, Jeanne, and Bonny; and 10 grandchildren. He is active in VFW Post 6493 and the church. His hobbies are hunting, photogra- phy and traveling. His current address is 962 Willow Street, Southamp- ton, Pennsylvania 18966. WILLIAM R. HUNT

William R. Hunt was born in East Orange, New Jersey, on February 17, 1925. He was the youngest son of two boys born to Winfield S. and Edith Bailey Hunt. He attended high school in Dover, New Jersey, and entered the service on February 15, 1943, at Church Street Station, New York City. William reported for duty February 23, 1943, ant received his training at Camp 258, United States Nava Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois, from February t( April 1943. In April 1943, he boarded his first ship, the SS WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN, in Panama City Florida, then sailed to Mobile, Alabama, for cargo and or to New Orleans, Louisiana, to join a convoy to San Juan Puerto Rico, to New York, New York. He then sailed to England, Belgium, Holland and the Mediterranean area and returned to Norfolk, Virginia, in February 1944. During a short leave, he and Rosemary A. Hartman were married at St. John's Episcopal Church in Dover, New Jersey, on March 7, 1944. His second ship assign- ment was the SS GULF WAVE, docked at Brooklyn, New York in March 1944. He sailed to South America and returned to New York and Bayonne, New Jersey. After a short leave, he boarded his third ship, the SS JOHN MERRICK, out of Brooklyn, New York, in October 1944. The MERRICK sailed to Holland, the Mediterra- nean, Santiago, Cuba, and returned to Brooklyn, New York, April 1945. After a short leave, he was assigned to Pier 92, New York City, until he was discharged Novem- ber 1945 at Lido Beach, Long Island, New York. After his service time, he worked at different jobs. His last position was in the U.S. Army at Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, New Jersey, where he was an Electrical Line Fore- man until his retirement in February 1980. He and his wife Rosemary reside at 8329 Cypress Lake Drive, Saraso- ta, Florida 34243. LOWELL D. HUNTER

Lowell D. Hunter was born March 29, 1921, in Denver, Colorado. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy January 1942. He was sent to boot camp in San Diego, California, then to the Destroyer Base and a 4-piper, and on to the Armed Guard Center at the Destroyer Base. Lowell served aboard four ships in the South Pacific Theater and China; the SS PAN AMERICAN, a tanker, from March 1942 to September 1942; the MS EASTERN SUN, a tanker, from September 1942 to July 1943; the SS RING LARDNER, ammunitions, from July 1943 to October 1944; the Armed Guard GUN SHED T.I. from October 1944 to January 1945; and the SS EUGENE SKINNER, a troop ship, from January 1945 to February 1946. Lowell was discharged on his birthday, March 29, 1946, with the rate of GM 1/C. He was married to Joyce DeCianni of Denver, Colorado. They had three children, two girls and a boy. Lowell went back to Denver and learned the safe and vault mechanic trade, and became a professional safe cracker for the Mosler Safe Company. He retired from the business after 41 years of service. Lowell became a widower in April 1977, and married Charlotte Wilson February 14, 1979, in Kuaii, Hawaii. They now live at 7337 Sonora Drive, Rancho Murieta, California 95683.

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