JOSEPH A. BABIN
Joseph A. Babin was born 7 July 1914 and served in the Merchant Marine during World War II. He presently lives in Apple Valley, California and can be contacted by email at MARCHAR@GTE.NET. Joe served on six ships, the SS Flowmar, SS Robert E Perry, SS Egbert Benson, SS Albert S Burleson, SS Joseph N Dimand and SS Galen L Stone.
JOHN WILLIAM BACUS
John William "Bill" Bacus was born to William and Clara Bacus February 20, 1925, in Ratcliff, Ohio. He entered the U.S. Navy in April 1943 and trained at Great Lakes, Illinois. From Great Lakes, he was sent to Gulfport, Mississippi, for one month of gunnery school, then to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. He was assigned to the gun crew of the SS PAUL- BORO, a tanker, and made two trips to South Americaś On his third trip, the forward hole of the ship blew up off the coast of the Carolinas. The crippled ship then went to Baltimore, Maryland. The crew was sent to Brooklyn, New York, by train for reassignment. Bill made four more trips across the Atlantic, including tours on the SS PAN DELAWARE, a tanker; the SS GATEWAY CITY, a Hog Islander; and the SS WIL- LIAM A. GRAHAM, a Liberty Ship. He was discharged from the Navy February 11, 1946. He married Dona L. Murphy November 3, 1949. They have one child, Julie. Bill was a member of the Marine Corps from 1949 to 1952 during the Korean conflict. He was employed with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company until his retirement January 30, 1985. Bill and Dona now live at 2935 Arrowhead Court, Columbus, Ohio 43232. GEORGE K. BARBER
George L. Barber, RM 2/C, was born November 12, 1922, in Sylvester, Texas. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy August 13, 1942, at Sandpoint, Idaho, and was dis- charged October 21, 1944, medical discharge due to inju- ries received, in the service. Upon enlistment, George went through boot camp in San Diego, California, and radio school at Texas A&M at College Station, Texas, from September 1942 to January 1943. After advanced communication school at the Naval and Marine Corps Armory in Los Angeles, he was trans- ferred to the Brooklyn Armed Guard Center at Bush Ter- minal. In April 1943, he was assigned to the SS EZRA COR- NELL as radio operator and made trips to Oran, Casablan- ca and Bizerte. He was detached from the CORNELL in November 1943, and after home leave was attached to the SS EDMUND B. ALEXANDER in December 1943, serving on this ship until May 1944, during which time he made three trips to Liverpool, England and Glasgow, Scotland. Upon detachment from the SS EDMUND B. ALEX- ANDER, he was assigned to duty as a radio operator at Camp Allen, Virginia, until admitted to the naval hospi- tal. After discharge from the hospital in August 1944, he was sent to limited-service duty at NAS, Pasco, Washing- ton, until being medically discharged in October 1944. After discharge, George was a truck driver until early in 1947, at which time he was employed by the Veterans Administration and by the State of Idaho as a Claims Investigator. In May 1952, he went to Fairbanks, Alaska, and was in the trucking business until October 1960, when he went to work for the Internal Revenue Service as a revenue officer, serving in Fairbanks and in Lewiston, Idaho. He transferred to the Small Business Administra- tion in 1965 and was employed by that agency until he retired in 1982. He was employed in Boise, Idaho, San Francisco, Anchorage and finally in San Diego for 13 years by the Small Business Administration. George has lived in Clarkston, Washington, since his retirement. He was married to De'Arley Montague in 1942, and has three surviving children: Deidre and Aleica, now in San Diego; and Jim, now living in Overland Park, Kansas. His address is 1344 Highland, Clarkston, Washington 99403. MOSES BARKER
Moses Barker took a rare day off from his Seminary Drive Dairy Queen Restaurant on Sept. 27 to visit with buddies at the S.S. Stephen Hopkins Chapter of the American Merchant Marine Veterans in Bedford. It was a special meeting, marking the 55th year since the chapter's namesake won one of only nine "Gallant Ship" designations given out in World War II by the U.S. Maritime Administration after a desperate battle with two German commerce raiders. Barker, a Fort Worth native, was a 17-year-old Navy gunner aboard the Hopkins when that battle was fought. The Hopkins was 1,000 miles off the coast of South America when it met the 4,700-ton Stier, which had six powerful 5.9-inch guns, and the 7,000 ton Tannenfels, armed with 20-mm anti-aircraft guns. Fake superstructures hid the guns and the Germans posed as tramp steamers, but the Germans quickly showed their teeth and took the Hopkins under intense, accurate fire. "When we got to the 4-inch gun on the ship's stern, we just did whatever jobs had to be done," the Fort Worth native said. "We were about half a mile from the Germans by then. I concentrated on getting shells into the gun's breech. I didn't look much at the German ships because every time I did, it looked like they were firing right at me. " The Stier had already sunk 50,000 tons of Allied shipping, and its shells smothered the Hopkins, killing and wounding the crew and slowing it to one or two knots, according to official reports at the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point, N.Y. One German bullet grazed Barker's groin, and he took a shell fragment in his leg as the 29-minute battle stretched on. Barker remembered shells were hitting around the gun several times a second, filling the air with constant explosions and clanging, whizzing shrapnel. "I kept yelling, `Fire!, fire! ' after I had loaded one shell, and then I looked up and saw that everybody around me and the gun was dead or unconscious, so I tripped the trigger," Barker said. "There were only five shells left at the gun, but they had rusted in their containers and I couldn't pull them loose. I left the gun and went forward and was ordered onto a lifeboat," he said. Barker later received a commendation from the Secretary of the Navy for his valor at the gun. STANLEY E. BARNEY
Stanley E. "Start" Barney was born in Eugene, Oregon, May 30, 1925. He attended grade school and junior high school in Eugene, then moved to Portland, Oregon, where he attended Grant High School. After war was declared, he worked at Willamette Iron and Steel Shipyard. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in June 1942. After boot camp in San Diego, California, he was sent to Class A Gunnery School at Great Lakes Naval Training Center in Chicago. Upon graduation, he was transferred to the Armed Guard Center at Treasure Island, San Francis- co, California. In 1943, he trained briefly at the Treasure Island Gunshed and took firing practice at Pt. Montara. His first ship was a Liberty, the SS BENJAMIN BON- NEVILLE, out of Todd Shipyard, San Francisco, for a short trip to the Fiji Islands carrying war supplies and returning with raw sugar to San Francisco. After two weeks leave, he signed on another Liberty, SS THOMAS HENDRICKS, out of Oregon Shipyard- Portland, Oregon. The HENDRICKS sailed around the world, making port at Hobart, Tasmania-Aden, Arabia- Suez, Alexandria, Port Said, Egypt and Gibraltar and then home to Armed Guard Center, Brooklyn, New York. Stan's next ship was the Liberty SS BEN L. LINDSAY, out of Todd Shipyard, San Francisco, fr his second around the world trip, making ports of Fremantle, Australia- Columbo, Ceylon-Calcutta, India-Durban, S. Africa-Rio de Janeiro, Brazil-Guatanamo Bay, Cuba-Todd Shipyard at Hoboken, New Jersey, then jome to Portland, Oregon, for two weeks leave, then back to Treasure Island. His last sea duty was aboard the SS UMATILLA, a Swan Island tanker out of Portland for a trip to Pearl Har- bor, Hawaii. The cargo was aviation gasoline and P-51 Mustang fighter planes. Stan saw action in the Indian Ocean when attacked by a Japanese "Q" boat. He returned vo Armed Guard Center Treasure Island after over 50,000 miles at sea and requested shore duty and cross-rated from Gunners Mate to Yeoman 2C. In 1945, he was transferred to the Naval Amphibious Personnel Center at San Bruno, California. He was serving there when VE Day came. Naval personnel were being dis- charged so his next station was at Personnel Separation Center, Shoemaker, California. Stan was discharged in 1946 at the end of his enlistment and returned to Portland where he applied for admission to the University of Oregon. After graduation in 1950, he went to work for a large construction company in Portland and retired after 30 years as Secretary-Treasurer. He was married and has three daughters. Stan also remained in the Naval Reserve for 20 years and went to Naval Reserve retirement. He currently is semi-retired and has a position as a Real Estate Agent for a real estate company in Portland. He now lives at 6130 SW Miles Court, Portland, Ore- gon 97219. VERNE WINFRED BARRETT
Verne Winfred Barrett was born to Guy and Melita Barrett November 22, 1919, in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. After trying to get into the Coast Guard and being turned down because of high blood pressure, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy September 19, 1942. He trained at San Diego, California, and then was sent to Armed Guard Destroyer Base at San Pedro, California. He was assigned to a gun crew on the SS WILLIAM EATON. From San Francisco, he sailed to New Zealand, then Sydney, Australia. The Battle of Coral Seas was being fought north of the ship's location> They unloaded war- time cargo in Australia and took on ore for ballast. The trip lasted about 30 days without the crew seeing land or another ship from Sydney, Australia, to the Panama Canal. From Panama, the EATON went to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, where it joined a large convoy to Baltimore, Mary- land. There the ship was reloaded for a trip to Casablanca, Morocco. They brought back 300 German prisoners to Staten, Island, New York. The prisoners were more famil- iar with New York City than any of the Armed Guard. Verne also served on the SS EWING YOUNG and the MS MANOERAN, which stopped at many ports in the South Pacific. His last ship was the SS JAMES H. KIN- KAIDE, which was involved in the invasion of Saipan and Guam. After that much sea duty, he was sent to Port Chicago, California, and there put into ship service. He was discharged October 25, 1945, at Minneapolis, Minnesota, S l/C. Soon after discharge, he married Evelyn Lee in Glen- dale, California. They moved back to Sioux Falls, South- Dakota, where he worked for the Sioux Falls Water Department for over 30 years until he retired. They have two children, David, a city engineer in Fort Madison, Iowa, and Anita, a teacher in the Rapid City, South Dako- ta, schools. He and his wife now live at 208 E. Centennial Street, Rapid City, South Dakota 57701. CARL S. BEAUDRY
Carl S. Beaudry enlisted in the U.S. Navy October 8, 1942. After three weeks boot training at Newport, Rhode Island, he was assigned to the Naval Air Station at Nor- folk, Virginia. Two months later, he transferred to NOLA Armed Guard Center. He went to Gulfport, Mississippi, gunnery training and Mobile, Alabama, to duty aboard the MAYARI, an eight-knot 7,000 ton United Fruit banana boat to Recife, Brazil. He returned in July to Brooklyn Armed Guard Center was assigned to the SS ANDREW PICKENS. After running back twice to New York because of shaft bearing malfunctions, they finally arrived in Liverpool. He then returned to New York, went home on leave and back to Recife on the USAT COPIOPO, returning with German Naal POWs. Carl's next tour was to Murmansk on the SS JOSHUA W. ALEXANDER. Returning in Convoy RA-64, the ALEXANDER took a 45 degree roll during a gale. Carl was on the bridge on watch and fell. He grabbed the first thing he could, which was the 1st mate's leg. Back across the deck they went again with the mate cussing him out. He arrived back in New York safely, had 28 days leave and then went to San Bruno, California. He next was off to Buckner Bay, Okinawa, aboard the USS LA GRANGE via Mog Mog, Ulithi Atoll, and Eniwetok. He survived the big typhoon of 1945 by climbing into a 70 gallon steam kettle, anchored into the cement foundation in a Quonset hut galley. The war ended and soon after he became a S/C 3/C. He then went on board the USS TUTUILA at Tsingtao, Chi- na and transferred to the USS ASHTABULA, which could go 22 knots. After serving on 10-knot Liberties and an 8-knot banana boat, Carl was impressed. They anchored in Taku Bay refueling LSTs, then went to Singa- pore, Arabia, Ceylon, Japan, Shanghi, Hong Kong, and back to Shanghi. From there he went by troop ship to San Francisco and was discharged July 19, 1946. Carl and his wife, Edie, have been married for 41 years and have four children and four grandchildren. He retired from government civil service in 1988, and now enjoys fishing and ham radio. He would like to hear from any of his old shipmates. His mailing address is P.O. Box 741, Sussex, New Jersey 07461. KENNETH ROBERTS BEDWELL
Kenneth Roberts gedwell was born to Edith and Clay- ton Bedwell September 26, 1921, in Smyrna, Delaware. Kenneth enlisted in the U.S. Navy July 17, 1944, and trained at Bainbridge, Maryland, for eight weeks. After boot leave, he returned to Bainbridge and was immediate- ly assigned to Camp Shelton, Virginia, for four weeks of gunnery training. He was then shipped to the Armed Guard Center Brooklyn, New York. His first assignment was on the Liberty Ship SS MARY A. LIVERMORE in Boston Harbor. He left there for Quonset Point, Rhode Island, to pick up a load of cargo. From there he headed for the Panama Canal and then on to Pearl Harbor. After taking on supplies, food and water, the ship headed in convoy west to Saipan to unload and then returned to Pearl Harbor. The ship then headed for San Pedro, California, and up the California Coast to Port Heuneme to pick up cargo and then went west and joined a convoy at Ulithi Island for Okinawa. Several days later on May 28, 1945, at 4 a.m. in Buck- ner Bay at Okinawa, the SS MARY A. LIVERMORE was attacked by a kamikaze pilot while waiting to be unloaded. The LIVERMORE lost four Navy personnel and several merchant seamen. The ship then returned to Pearl Harbor for minor repairs and then on to dry dock at Kaiser Ship- yard in Richmond, California. Kenneth reported to Treasure Island and received orders of 34 days leave and returned home. After leave, he report- ed to Philadelphia Naval Base and returned to Treasure Island. He then went to Shoemaker, California, then on to Seattle, Washington, ending up in Adak, Alaska. He stayed in Adak for five months. While in Adak, he drove a butcher truck and was assigned to the USS PC 820 until he finished his tour. He returned to Bainbridge, Maryland, for discharge. Soon after discharge, Kenneth returned to Richmond, California, to marry Fay McAllister. They returned to Del- aware and he went to work for the Coca Cola Company. Kenneth and Fay have two daughters, two granddaughters and a great grandson. Kenneth retired from the Coca Cola Company in 1980 and now lives at 45 Upland Avenue, Dover, Delaware, with his wife. They have been happily married for 43 years. LESLIE RAY BENNETT
Originally from Elisnore, Missouri, Leslie Ray Bennett grew up in the Detroit, Michigan, area. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1942, completing boot camp and signal school at Great Lakes, Illinois, and convoy communica- tions school at Noroton Heights, Connecticut. From the Brooklyn Armed Guard Center, he was assigned as signal- man on the Liberty Ship SS LINCOLN STEFFENS, bound for North Africa. The first day in convoy, the ship next to the STEFFENS was torpedoed, sinking so fast its crew was unable to lower lifeboats. Other ships were also lost on that first convoy. On numerous shuttle runs in the Mediterranean, he experienced both aircraft and submarine attacks on the convoys: Some of the ships lost were carrying ammunition and disappeared in huge fireballs. In one action off the coast of Oran, Algeria, the STEFFENS' crew was credited with downing two enemy planes. The STEFFENS' Gun- nery Officer, Ensign John C. Landrigan of Cambridge, Massachusetts, was awarded the Legion of Merit for this action, which at that time was the second highest honor given out of the Brooklyn Armed Guard Center. On one Atlantic convoy, Ray's ship carried the convoy Commodore, a retired admiral from the British Royal Navy. Ray worked with British Navy signalmen during that crossing. He served on three Liberty Ships: the SS LINCOLN STEFFENS, the SS PERE MARQUETTE and the SS WILLIAM R. LEWIS. Armed Guard Service took Ray to both the North and South Atlantic, Mediterranean, Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, Caribbean and Pacific Oceans. After the war, Ray and his wife, Christine, were blessed with three sons, Larry, Bill and Randy, and eight grand- children. He retired from the Detroit Park Department as a superintendent and now lives at 10362 McGregor, Pinckney, Michigan 48169. CHARLES JOHN BERG
Charles John Berg was born to Anthony and Helen Berg February 10, 1926, in Rome, New York. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy October 18, 1943, in Utica, New York. He was a Gunners Mate 3/C. He spent six weeks in boot camp, then went by train to the Armed Guard Gun- nery School in Norfolk, Virginia, for four weeks, after which he was transferred to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York. His first ship assignment was the USS JOHN MCDO- NOUGH, shipping out to Gourick, Scotland. From Scot- land, he made the Murmansk Run, then came back to the U.S. and landed in New York. He went on leave to Rome, New York, and when leave was over, returned to the Armed Guard Center in Brook- lyn, New York, where he was shipped out on the ANDREW MOORE to Liverpool, England. From Liver- pool, he went vo South End by the Sea, just outside Lon- don. From there he went to Plymouth, England, then to Omaha Beach to unload cargo, where the MOORE was the supply ship for a while. From Omaha Beach, the Moore sailed for Boston, Massachusetts, where Charles was transferred to the SS VOLUNTEER and went to Casa- blanca, then through the Mediterranean to Naples, Italy. He then returned to the United States and landed in Balti- more, Maryland, before sailing for Puerto Rico, and back to New York. He was sent to Sampson, New York, because his rate was frozen and was assigned to help discharge Naval per- sonnel. After three months, Charles was honorably dis- charged through the point system in Sampson, New York, April 1, 1946. He received the Victory Medal, American Campaign Medal and the European-African One Star. He married his third wife, Loretta Ann, November 30, 1968, in Seattle, Washington. They have a son, Tony John, age 19. Loretta Ann had six children when they mar- ried and Charles had four, with one child each deceased. Charles and Loretta Ann together have nine living chil- dren, 17 grandchildren and one great grandchild. Charles and Loretta Ann have lived in Seattle, Wash- ington, and Denver, Colorado, and for the past eight years have lived in Robbinsdale, Minnesta, a suburb of Minne- apolis. As of November 1989, they had been married 21 years. Charles is semi-retired from the carpentry business and drives a school bus in the fall and winter. His current address is 3448 Grimes Avenue, Robbins- ville, Minnesota 55422. CHARLES REX BERRY
Sworn into the U.S. Navy at Salt Lake City, Utah, Charles Rex Berry attended boot camp at Farragut, Idaho. He then transferred to U.S. Destroyer Base, San Diego, California, to attend gunnery school July 15, 1943. July 24, 1943, he reported aboard the SS JOHN ROSS, a Lib- erty Ship, as pointer on the 3-inch 50-caliber stern gun. The JOHN ROSS was loaded with 500 and 1,000 pound bombs at the Benecia, California, Naval Ordinance Station. Between decks was loaded with 500 tons of mus- tard gas in bombs. Personnel aboard the ROSS aside from the Merchant Marine Crew that ran the ship included 26 enlisted men of the U.S. Navy, one gunnery officer, seven enlisted men of the U.S. Army Chemical Warfare Group and one officer. The ROSS left San Francisco August 10, 1943, and arrived in Townsville, Australia, September 8, where the gas bombs were to be unloaded. But because the ship was carrying a heavy deck load of vehicles including tanks des- tined for New Guinea, it was decided to continue on to Oro Bay, New Guinea. The ship arrived in Oro Bay October l, 1943, and anchored in the bay to await unloading. Seven days later on October 7, an air alert was sounded. Japanese bombers came over and dropped bombs on the harbor and ships for six nights in a row. No ships were hit, but the ROSS and JOSEPH LANE, which were tied together, were straddled by six bombs. One seaman was hit by bomb fragments. On October 15, 1943, at 8:20 a.m>, a flight of Zeros, VALK 99 dive bombers attacked. P-38 fighters from Dobadura Air Base intercepted and shot many of the Japa- nese planes down. One VALK 99 made a direct attack on the ROSS and LANE. All 20 mm guns fired at the approaching dive bomber, which dropped its bombs but overshot the ships. The smoking plane did not pull out of its dive and crashed about 1,000 meters from the ROSS. During a red alert two days later, a B-25 made a direct approach on the ROSS. It was mistaken for a Japanese Bet- ty bomber and all the guns in the harbor opened up. The disabled plane landed at Dobabura. The ROSS left Oro Bay October 21 for Townsville where the mustard gas bombs were removed, then sailed back to Oro Bay November 27. The ROSS traveled to Sydney, Brisbane, Townsville, Cairns, Port Moresby, Lae, Milne Bay, Oro Bay, and Finchhafen, Hollandia, carrying troops and war materials from October l, 1943, to June 6, 1944. Charles served on four other merchant ships during the war, then spent seven mnths on the light cruiser USS PASADEBA CL 65 before discharge. He attended Brigham Young University from 1947- 1951, graduating with a BS degree in education. He was All Conference in football and was drafted by the San Fran- cisco 49ers as a defensive back in 1951. He played with the 49ers for six years and was their team captain before retir- ing in 1957. After leaving football, he joined U.S. Steel as a salesman in the chemical division. When he left in 1984, he held the title of Western Regional Manager. He joined Coastal Chemical Inc. as Vice President of Industrial Sales in 1984 and retired in 1988. He now lives in Provo, Utah, with his wife, Helen. They have three children and 14 grandchil- dren. His current address is 55 Marrcrest St., Provo, Utah 84604. RICHARD J. BEST
Richard J. Best was born to Thomas and Ona Best May 30, 1925, in Akron, Ohio. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy October 14, 1942, and trained at Great Lakes, Illinois. From Great Lakes, he was sent to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York, November 27, 1942. Richard was assigned to a gun crew aboard the SS WATERTOWN, a tanker, November 29, 1942, in Phil- adelphia, Pennsylvania. On October 13, 1942, he was assigned on board the tanker, the SS KENYON, and final- ly, on February 15, 1945, Richard was assigned to the SS HENRY WRIGHT HURLEY until June 1, 1946. He was discharged June 15, 1946. On March 24, 1947, Richard enlisted in the Army Air Force. While stationed in Panama, he was assigned to the boat squadron and was stationed at Elgin Air Force Base, Florida, Japan, Korea, and Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina. Richard was then assigned to recruiting in south- eastern Kentucky for four and a half years. He then mar- ried Mary Louise Smily March 17, 1956. They had one son, Gregory J. After his recruiting assignment, Richard was stationed at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas, for Jet Aircraft School. From there, he was stationed at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia; Hill Air Force Base, Utah; then did a tour at Alconbury, England, retiring with 20 years at Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, in July 1963. Prior to his retirement May 30, 1987, he was employed by the Terex division of General Motors, Hudson, Ohio. He now lives at 645 Senn Drive, Tallmadge, Ohio 44278.
DR. FRANK BIASCO
I joined the United States Navy on my 17th birthday, January 15, 1945 during World War II. That means I dropped out of high school so that I could serve in the Navy at the earliest opportunity. After completing my "boot camp" at Great Lakes, Illinois, I was sent to Radar School at Point Loma, California for training as a "Radarman". Since the war in Europe had ended with "V.E. Day", the expectation was that we all would be sent into the raging wars which were taking place in the Pacific Theatre War. Quite unexpectantly, I was sent to the East Coast and assigned to the "Armed Guard". Very few people these days will know what the Armed Guard stood for or what it did. In fact, the Armed Guard consisted of Navy Personnel assigned to merchant ships. Actually, they were U.S. Army ships. So, we would brag about the fact that we were assigned to Army ships run by merchant crews. The name Armed Guard came from the military mission that most personnel who were assigned to the merchant ships had; namely, operating the guns to ward off enemy submarines. Since radar was relatively new in those days and since the Armed Guard was the only established unit working on the merchant ships, it was only logical that I be assigned to the Armed Guard even though I had nothing to do with manning the guns. My job was to operate the radar which had been placed on troop transports. The expectation was that if and when the troop transports had to break convoy formation, that it would at least have it's own radar and it's own radarmen to conduct radar operations. After World War II ended, I was transferred to the Pacific destroyer fleet. I was assigned to one of the two last destroyers being built, the U.S.S. Lloyd Thomas. As such, I was one of the "plank owners", which means that I was one of the original crew and was part owner of the ship. After the ship was launched, it joined the aircraft carrier Valley Forge and toured the world with the carrier. Unfortunately, I was detached from the Lloyd Thomas and assigned to the destroyer picket ship, Newman K. Perry, U.S.S. 933. The Perry, along with other ships in the eight ships flotilla, sailed to China where we spent nine months sailing up and down the China coast while based in Tsintao, China. We sailed to China in September 1947 and returned to the United States in May 1948, one year before the Communist Chinese took over the mainland. Shortly after returning to the United States I was discharged from my first tour of duty at the age of 20 and 1/2 years and with the rank of 1st Class Petty Officer (Radarman). Korean Conflict In July of 1950 the North Koreans invaded South Korea and I was recalled to active duty at the age of 22. I was ordered to Great Lakes Naval Station and from there was flown by civilian transportation to California. From there I expected to be flown directly to Korea. But instead I was assigned to the Amphibious Forces and attached to an attack transport, the U.S.S. Montrose (APA 212). Unfortunately, the Montrose was in the "mothball" fleet and had to be resurrected. Activating the ship took several months and we were not ready to set sail until late December of 1950. The trip to Yokosuka, Japan took about 14 days with a stopover in Hawaii for a couple of days. Our first assignment was to take the ship to Pusan, Korea where we were to load troops and make a landing at Inchon, Korea. Unfortunately, there were no troops available. Instead, a convoy of eight attack transports like the Montrose, set sail for Inchon even though we had no troops with which to conduct an assault landing. The plan was for the ship's boats to be lowered with make-believe assault forces which actually consisted of the ship's crew. The crew was to disembark on one side of the ship and embark on the other side of the ship with the shore forces being lead to think that we had multiple troops to send ashore. Since duty aboard the Montrose seemed rather dull for a 1st Class Radarman, I requested and received assignment to the Navy's Command ship, the U.S.S. El Dorado (AGC 12) and became the senior radarman aboard that ship. The way I got to that ship is a story in itself. First, I was detached from the Montrose and given temporary housing on a Landing Ship Transport (LST) in Yokosuka Bay until such time as transportation could be arranged for me. All I can remember about that short stay of about a week was that I was never comfortably warm and never had anything to do. When my transportation was finally arranged I was driven to Tokyo with several days of packed lunches and given tickets for the renown Japanese trains. It took me about two days to travel from Tokyo to Sasebo, Japan where the U.S. Navy has another base. From there I was placed on a Japanese ship and sent to Pusan, Korea with another packed lunch. Since Pusan is only across the Yellow River from Sasebo, it was only an overnight ride to Pusan. Most of the personnel aboard that Japanese ship called the MARU were army. I believe I was the only Navy man aboard except for the Japanese crew. That trip introduced me to the Japanese toilet plumbing system and the sleeping arrangements which essentually was a coiled up mat which permitted you to sleep anywhere you wanted like on the open deck. By the time I finished my sandwhich and apples that the Navy had packed for me we were in Pusan. Again I had to wait for my ship, the U.S.S. El Dorado to arrive and so I was placed again on another LST, but one which was better maintained and a great deal more comfortable. In a week or so the El Dorado appeared and I was transferred to it to assume my new role as the leading radarman aboard that ship. While the ship was in port, we were asked if we wished to take positions on the front line against North Korea while the ground forces came aboard ship and experienced clean living and good food for a change. I volunteered and was given a carbine rifle, a field jacket and a helmet and assigned to a Puerto Rican regiment in the Army's Third Division. Not surprisingly, the troops in that regiment thought I could speak Spanish, which I could not. But since Italian is close to Spanish, I seemed to understand most of what was said. In addition, many of the troops thought I was in the Army even though I had a battleship gray helmet and my three stripes were inverted to reflect a First Class Petty Officer. But as we talked, things were clarified and better understood. We did not engage in any actual combat because when I reached this regiment, they were ordered to go to the rear and rest up while in reserve. So this entire experience, while interesting, was without much excitement.
DORSEY C. BISHOP
Born November 12, 1923, in Douds, Iowa, Dorsey C. Bishop enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve July 13, 1942. Following training at Great Lakes, Illinois, he attended gunnery school in Chicago, Illinois, and was then posted to the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York, until 1945 when he was sent to the Naval Training station at Newport, Rhode Island. In September 1942, Dorsey was assigned to the SS BERKSHIRE, a coal carrier, and from there was trans- ferred in September 1943 to the SS JOHN S. COPLEY. While en route to Oran, Africa, from Gibraltar, the JOHN S. COPLEY was torpedoed and stranded all night until a tug pulled it into Glasgow, Scotland. In 1945, he served aboard the SS PIERRE SOULET, and in January 1945, was transferred to the USS SAU- GUS. Dorsey was honored for his service with medals for the American Theater, European Theater and Asiatic-Pacific duty. He received the Good Conduct Medal and two stars for the Philippine Liberation and China Sea, the V Medal and two stars for participation in the Evacuat: Japan. He was discharged from the Navy in 1945 and be a barber. He and his wife, Velma, live at 2121 E. Street, Des Moines, Iowa 50317. LEO C. BLACKBURN
Born August 1, 1911, in Portsmouth, Ohio, Leo C. Blackburn received his naval commission in February 1943. He had been serving a second term in the Ohio National Guard. After attending Naval Training schools at Dartmouth College, Princeton University, Boston Armed Guard Training Center and Gulfport Gunnery School, he was assigned in September 1943 to the MV BLENHEIM in Hoboken, New Jersey. The BLENHEIM was captured from the Germans at the beginning of World War II. On the BLENHEIM, he made tours of duty to Antilla, Cuba; Port Everglades, Florida; New York; Boston; Hali- fax; Liverpool, London; and St. Johns, Newfoundland. The ship put into St. Johns for repairs after an unusually stormy crossing in January 1944. After leave in July 1944, he was assigned to the new Liberty Ship SS VINCENT HARRINGTON in Balti- more. The ship sailed for Newport News for a full load of ammunition in late July 1944, then on to Cherbourg, France, with a three-week layover in Oban, Scotland, while waiting for Cherbourg harbor clearance. The HARRlNG- TON then returned to Boston where it was loaded quickly with army supplies and sailed for Cherbourg. The ship made one trip to Boston, before heading for Antwerp, Bel- gium. A few days out of New York, the war in Europe ended. Leo was then sent to Separation Center School at Great Lakes and assigned to the Officer Separation Center in Washington, D.C., until June 1946 when he retired as a Lieutenant Commander. He later served 10 years in the Portsmouth Naval Reserve in which he was first com- manding officer. Leo regards his service in the U.S. Navy to be one of his proudest experiences. He says his service was especially memorable and that he thinks most fondly of his gun crews, some of whom he still is in contact with. He received medals for participation in the American and European theaters of war. Since his discharge in 1946, he has been a teacher, busi- ness college owner and operator and served as an Ohio state senator. He has been involved in many civic, humanitarian and political activities. He also worked as Portsmouth Postmaster for four years. He and his wife, Julia, have two sons, David and Sam, and live at 2333 Micklethwaite Road, Portsmouth, 45662. Note: Leo recently passed away at age 90. PAUL BOCK
Paul Bock sailed with the Merchant Marines for 18 years until 1953. He rose from a engine room wiper to chief engineer during his duty. Paul sailed on a couple of tankers under foreign flags before Pearl Harbor including the MV BELGIAN GULF. The ship never returned to Belgium during the German occupation. At one time or another, Paul served on board all kinds of vessels from tug boats to U.S. Liners. He sailed aboard the SS AMERICA, at one time the largest U.S. passenger liner. During World War II, the Navy took the ship and renamed it the USS WESTPOINT. The Chief Engineer Patrick Brennan remained on the ship prior to the war, during Navy use and after the war. While serving on the USAT EVANGELINE, Paul was involved in the invasion of Gela, Sicily. In 1944 while serv- ing as Chief Engineer of a tanker, his ship was sunk by the enemy off the British Isles. Paul received the Merchant Marine Combat, Mediter- ranean Middle East War Zone and World War II Victory Medal Awards. In 1955, Paul worked for the City of New York as an engineer with the department of hospital power plants. He met a lovely nurse, Louise, at one of the hospitals and mar- ried her. He retired in 1973 after a heart attack. The couple has a new 40-foot 5th wheel travel trailer pulled by a custom built trailer. The truck has a 12-volt winch to raise and lower Paul's motorcycle where it's stored behind the car. They "bum" around the country without any special itinerary. They also have a two-family house on Long Island, New York, which is their home base. Occa- sionally they return to check on their 1956 and 1969 Lin- colns stored in the garage. At the 1989 Annual Reunion of the New York and New Jersey Chapters of the U.S. Naval Armed Guard, veteran Alex Lombardi and Paul were asked by Captain Brian Herps of Project Liberty Ship to deliver eulogies dur- ing prayer services. Paul was a representative of Merchant Marine veterans and delivered the following eulogy. "This morning we honor our brave departed shipmates. Yes, brave, because following the ancient profession of Merchant Marines, dealing with the sea which can be an unforgetting adversary, is not easy work without the addi- tion of World wide conflict. For many of our shipmates the cycle of life ended far too early. Merchant Seamen sus- tained the second highest casualty ratio after the U.S. Marines." "It is a proud and momentous occasion to share this cer- emony with some of the survivors of the U.S. Naval Armed Guard. For the men of the Armed Guard, a lot of them were only boys entering the Navy, but not for long, we dedicate this ceremony, too. To fight in those open gun tubs on slow moving ships took a special kind of man. They have to be counted with some other very elite forces. Let's hope the souls of our departed had fair winds and a following sea." Paul's current address is P.O. Box 1849, N. Massape- qua, New York 11758-0915. DON BONES
Born in Huntington Park, California, Don Bones shipped out on the SS TYPHOON, a C2 troop cargo ship, in 1944 after training at Armed Guard Center, San Diego, California. Aboard the TYPHOON was Lieutenant Commander Toone, Senior Officer, three lieutenants including a doctor and a corpsman, an ensign and storekeeper second class, a chief cook and cooks, gunners mates, signalmen and about 40 seamen gunners. The vessel was equipped with four 3-inch 50 caliber guns, one 4-inch 50-caliber gun and eight 20 mm guns. Don was at Okinawa on the TYPHOON on VJ Day and during the invasion, after which the ship transported about 1,000 Marines to Seattle for discharge. The TYPHOON was possibly the first ship to arrive at the Pacific Coast with discharges after the Japanese surrender. After a 30-day leave, Don went back to Treasure Island and shipped out to China with stops in Shanghai, Tsing- tao, Tientsin and boarded the LCFF 575, a LCI converted to a landing craft flotilla flag. From Shanghai, he sailed on the D.E. 385 USS RITCHIE to Terminal Island, San Pedro, California, for discharge in 1946. Don now lives at 281 Duke of Wales Court, Henderson, Nevada 89015. TOM BOWERMAN
Tom Bowerman was from Anniston, Alabama, and was an Armed Guard in the U.S. Navy. He went through Boot Camp in San Diego, California, attended Gunnery School at the San Diego destroyer base and boarded his first ship, the SS CHARLES M. HALL, after a brief stay at Treasure Island. After many months in the South Pacific, the ship picked up a cargo of nitrate in Chili and went through the Panama Canal and headed North to Brooklyn. After a short stay in the Armed Guard Center, Tom was assigned to the SS ESSO NASHVILLE, still designated as an Apprentice Seaman. The NASHVILLE made a trip from Brooklyn to Bay Town, Texas, and returned. Prob- lems between the gun crew and the gunnery officer led to half the crew, including Tom, being removed in Brooklyn with possible charges of attempted murder and mutiny. Charges were never processed and Tom was promoted from Apprentice Seaman to Gunner's Mate 3rd Class when long delayed paper work was finally processed. Tom was assigned to the SS ESSO PROVIDENCE with voyages primarily between various countries in South America. Tom was later assigned to the SS LEWIS LUCKENBACH and the SS CHARLES SUMNER and made seven trips to various parts of Great Britain. He was promoted to Gunner's Mate 2nd Class while on the ESSO PROVIDENCE. He declined a promotion to Gunner's Mate 1st Class and declined an offer to attend the V12 Officer's Training course. Final assignments for Tom were in New Orleans and Galveston. He was assigned to removing Naval equipment from merchant ships in Galveston and lived offbase. He had a single room, an apartment shared with one co- worker and a house shared with six co-workers and the Navy did not know where any of them were located. Tom was discharged from the Navy at Memphis, Ten- nessee, in 1945 and later joined the U.S. Army and finally the U.S. Air Force. He was in the furniture upholstery business while attending the University of Alabama. He graduated with a BS in accounting and was an auditor for a few years before being assigned as Director for Data Sys- tems at Anniston Army Depot, a position he held for more than 25 years. He obtained a masters degree from the Uni- versity of Oklahoma. Tom had one son, Charles, by his first wife and three sons, Thomas Jr., Terry and Barry by his second wife, Frances Johnson Bowerman. Tom Bowerman died on December 16, 2007. WILBORN DAVIS BOYD
Wilborn Davis Boyd was born January 1 l, 1922, in Marion, Kentucky. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy Novem- ber 14, 1942, at Indianapolis, Indiana. Wilborn took his boot training at Great Lakes, Illinois. In February 1943, he volunteered for Armed Guard Duty and was sent to Gulf- port, Mississippi, for training and then transferred to the Armed Guard Center, New Orleans, Louisiana. Wilborn served on five ships. His first assignment was the SS WILLIAM HARPER, a Liberty Ship, from Febru- ary 27, 1943, to September 12, 1943, sailing the Panama Canal, around Cape Horn to the Suez Canal, and to Port Said, Egypt. His second ship was the SS WILDWOOD, a Hog Islander, from December 14, 1943, to July 1 l, 1944. The WILDWOOD sailed to Brazil and Cuba, and then to Manchester, England, in May 1944 with supplies for the Normandy Invasion. After returning to New York for two weeks rest at Rest Camp Deland, Florida, he was reas- signed to the SS C. FRANCIS JENKINS, a Liberty Ship, September 3, 1944, to April 26, 1945. The JENKINS sailed through the Panama Canal to Hollandia, New Guinea, with 48,000 cases of beer for the U.S. Army. The army supplied a second lieutenant as a security officer. After unloading cargo, the ship sailed for Lin-Gayen Gulf three days after D Day with 500 Army troops and a MP Battalion> Japanese suicide planes were plentiful; but the ship made it back to San Francisco, where Wilborn went on leave before reporting to the Armed Guard Center in New Orleans. In May 1945, Wilborn was assigned to the SS L1TTLE BUTTE, a T2 tanker, from May 2 l, 1945, to September 7, 1945, sailing from the Panama Canal to the Pacific. About two days out of Panama, the good news came that the war had ended. On August 15, 1945, the ship's crew was instructed to dump all ammunition over the side into deep water. Everyone was happy to oblige and even the Merchant crew helped out. Wilborn left the BUTTE in Panama and caught the SS GREAT MEADOWS, a tanker, on which he sailed from November 12, 1945, until February 23, 1946, as a care- taker for the Armed Guard Equipment on board along with Fred E. Mang SM3. Wilborn spent about three months hauling fuel oil to England from Curacao and Aru- ba, stopping in Mobile, Alabama. The GREAT MEAD- OWS was tied up on the Mobile River with the alligators and the other dead ships. The BUTTE was stripped of its guns and Fred was discharged and went home vo Pueblo, Colorado. Wilborn was regular Navy so he was given leave, then assigned to the USS TARAWA. His Naval career includ- ed duty on nine ships, duty at the Naval Ordnance Test Station in China Lake, California, from 1950-1952 and recruiting duty in Lynchburg, Virginia, from 1959-1962. He retired from the U.S. Navy Oct. 1, 1972, as a Senior Chief Gunner's Mate. In 1973, while employed with the Stanwick Corp., Wilborn spent a brief tour in Iran with a survey team as a technical adviser to the Iranian Navy. He was then employed by the Virginia State Air Pollu- tion Control Board until February 1, 1987, and retired as a senior air quality control technician. Wilborn and his wife, Yvonne, have two sons, three daughters and two grandchildren. They now live at 02934 E. Griffin View Drive, Lot 99, Lady Lake, Florida 32159.
Phil was born May 19,1926 in Clifton Forge, Virginia. His parents were Ethel Mae Worth Bradley and Felix Augustine Bradley, Sr. They moved to Clifton Forge in 1916. Phil enlisted in the Navy in May 1943, when he was 17 years old. He was sent to the Great Lakes Naval Training Station for his boot training. After that he was sent to Gulfport, Mississippi for additional gunnery training. He was assigned to the Navy Armed Guard Center in Algiers, Louisiana and they assigned him to a gun crew on the SS George E. Badger. He trained himself as a Signalman and became one. He was responsible for all signalman duties on the SS William Bevan and later transferred to the M/S Shooting Star. Phil made several trips to Murmansk, Russia and was also at Normandy. Phil was the sole survivor of a commercial airline crash, Piedmont Airlines Flight 349, which crashed into Bucks Elbow Mountain, just above Crozet, Virginia. It happened October 30, 1959. Phil has written a book about his life and the crash and it is available for $15.00 and 25% of the proceeds go to the Navy Armed Guard Association. JOSEPH B. BRAGIEL
Joseph B. Bragiel was inducted October 6, 1943, by Draft Board No. 2 in Whiting, Indiana. He was sent to NRS in Indianapolis, Indiana, and from there he was sent to Great Lakes, Illinois, for nine weeks of boot camp begin- ning October 13, 1943. On December 22, 1943, he was sent to Armed Guard School in Gulfport, Mississippi, and on January 20, 1944, was transferred to Shell Beach, Louisiana, for gunnery training on the 20 mm 50 caliber and the 3-inch 50 anti- aircraft gun. Joseph was then transferred to the Armed Guard Center at Treasure Island in San Francisco, California, January 20, 1944. On February 2, 1944, he was promoted from Sea- man 2/C to Seaman 1/C. He then reported February 7, 1944, to the SS USAT VIRGINIAN. His first port of call was Pearl Harbor where he saw the remains of the battleships that were sunk by the Japanese. He recalls seeing the ARIZONA, the CALIFORNIA, and the INDIANAPOLIS. Bragiel remembers crossing the International Date Line for the first time. U.S. Navy men that had never crossed the line before were called pollywogs and had to go through an initiation. After being initiated, the men joined the ancient order of the deep and had a card signed by Nep- tune. After several reassignments and a refresher course at an Armed Guard Center, Joseph became part of the crew on the VIRGINIAN that hauled 700 mules from Guadulca- nal to Calcutta, India, for the Army to use in the mountains for moving heavy equipment. Then the ship hauled 700 mules from Port Morrisby, New Guinea, to Calcutta. Next the ship hauled 700 wild horses from Townsville, Austra- lia, to Calcutta. Simultaneously, they were bringing sup- plies to the Army at Guadulcanal, Palalu Island, Marshall Island, Sydney, Melbourne and the Perta Submarine Base in Australia. While transporting the livestock, the crew included 90 Army mule skinners who took care of the mules and horses on board. He also traveled to Anewitok and Tasmania. Joseph received medals for the Asiatic-Pacific Cam- paign, American Area Campaign and Okinawa-Juma. The last ship he served on was the KYLE V. JOHNSON, which docked in San Francisco. From there, the crew was sent back to Great Lakes, Illinois, for disbandment. Joseph was honorably discharged November 13, 1945. His current address is 151 142nd Street, Hammond, Indiana 46327. GERALD D. BRIEN
Gerald D. Brien, Sfc E-7 retired, was born in Portland, Maine, September 28, 1924, to HenryJ. and Margaret G. Brien. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy March 22, 1943, and served in the armed forces for the following 20 years. After boot camp, he was assigned to the Armed Guard. He crossed the Atlantic many times during World War II on ships transporting troops and supplies to the front. His ship assignments included the SS BETTY ZANE, SS JOSEPH MARTIN, SS ALBERT RITCHIE and SS OSCAR BARRETT. One crossing included loading a contingent of the 3rd Armored Tank Division at Oran, North Africa, and pro- ceeding to Naples, Italy. An air raid was encountered the first night out, but was survived and the ship reached Naples safely. The ship then departed for Brendizi, Italy. On approaching that destination, it was learned that Brendizi was under air and E-boat attack and that about half of the ships in the harbor had been lost. It was estimat- ed that a 15 minute earlier arrival time would have put Gerald's ship at great risk. On one return trip, 1,000 German POWS were aboard. During a Mediterranean tour with stops in the Suez Canal, Iran and the Persian Gull Gerald's ship carried supplies and two steam locomotives for the Russians. Gerald suffered an illness during this time, requiring a three-week stay at an Army hospital in Marseilles, France. When he recovered, he was sent to the Armed Guard pool in Oran, North Africa. His next assignment was to serve as CO of an Armed Guard Crew while en route from Oran to New Orleans. The return route on one crossing was via Rio De Janeiro and San Paulo, Brazil. In Brazil, his ship tied up in the same harbor with German cruisers and destroyers since it was a neutral location. Gerald's ship was loaded with cof- fee, which was then taken to New Orleans, Louisiana. While unloading the coffee and awaiting orders, VJ Day was announced. Gerald was then routed to the Fargo Building in Boston and subsequently discharged at the rank of BM 2/C. For the next 17 years, he served in the Army Air,Corps, the U.S. Air Force and finally in the U.S. Army, with assignments in Alaska, Okinawa, Korea and many state- side locations. He retired from the service in 1964. Medals Gerald received during wartime service include the European-African-Middle Eastern Area Medal with battle star, American Area Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal and Good Conduct Medal bronze clasp w/4 lps. He and his wife, Charlotte, have one son, one daughter, two stepsons, two stepdaughters and six grandchildren. He retired in 1986 from his position as shore captain of the Hugenot Yacht Club. He now lives at Box 1865, Depot Street, Harrison, Maine 04040. JOSEPH BRIEN
Joseph Brien was born to Henry and Margaret Brien February 4, 1927 in Portland, Maine. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in August 1943 and trained at Newport, Rhode Island. He was sent to Damneck, Virginia, for gun- nery training, then to the Armed Guard Center in Brook- lyn, New York. His first assignment was to a gun crew aboard the SS BERT HART in convoy from New York to Naples, Italy. After offloading, the ship was reloaded with ammunition, fuel, food and British and American troops, and on Janu- ary 21, 1944, they sailed in convoy for Anzio. For nine days, the convoy of four Liberty Ships, several cruisers, destroyers and landing ships endured numerous air raids and artillery shellings. A total of 46 ships were sunk. The BRET HART was the only Liberty Ship to leave Anzio. Joseph next served on the JAMES M. GILLIS, and in April 1944 sailed to Khorramsha, Iran. Returning to the States, he was again assigned to the JAMES M. GILLIS, leaving New Jersey in October 1944 for Murmansk, Rus- sia. After returning to the States in March 1945, he was sent to Treasure Island Armed Guard Center, California. He was reassigned in May 1945 to the JOHN A. RAWLINS, which arrived at Okinawa a few weeks after the invasion. A few nights later during an air raid, the RAWLINS was torpedoed. Fires were extinguished and cargo offioaded so temporary repairs could be made. The ship was then sent to Butmer Bay for safety from an approaching typhoon. At war's end, the RAWLINS was being readied for the inva- sion of Japan. But in September 1945, another typhoon hit the island, and the RAWLINS, unable to get under- way, was washed onto the beach. Joseph was assigned to the fleet in December 1945. He left the Navy in June 1957 as a GM 1/C. He enlisted in the Air Force in August 1957 and served in France, Ger- many, Italy and Thailand, retiring from service in Decem- ber 1973. He was married to Robbie L. Scott in February 1960 in Denver, Colorado. They now live at 2510 Pine Street, Granite City, Illinois 62040. DAVID BROWN
David Brown enlisted in the U.S. Navy in June 1942. He took boot training in Faragett, Idaho, and from there went to Treasure Island, California, for gunnery training for 20 mm and 5-inch guns. Thirty days later, he was assigned to the SS RICHARD MACZKOWSKI, a new Liberty Ship. The ship made two trips to the Pacific Islands, then David was reassigned to a U.S. Army transport Sea Cat, a troop and cargo ship. He served on the Sea Cat until August 1945, when he was sent to Treasure Island and then to Great Lakes, where he was discharged November 19, 1945. After discharge, David worked construction for two years, then joined his hometown police force. Four years later in 1951, he joined the San Bernadino, California,, police force. In 1965, he went to work in the medical field as an executive housekeeper. He retired in 1980 and now spends his spare time fishing. His current address is 1445 165th Street, Clemons, Iowa 50051. LOUIS WILLIAM BUESCHER Armed Guardsman Louis William Buescher and his mates were commended by the Chief of Naval Personnel, E.D. Flaherty, for their outstanding service aboard the SS MATTHEW P. DEADY during action against enemy Japanese aircraft offLeyte, Philippines, from November 3 to 12, 1944. The ship was repeatedly attacked by suicide bombers, one of which struck the ship, setting fires and wounding a number of the crew and passengers. Despite the furious onslaughts, the crew fought back with determined aggres- siveness. With expert marksmanship and cool courage, they destroyed approximately 10 Japanese planes. Flaherty stated "your unfailing devotion to duty in complete disre- gard of your personal safety throughout these engagements was in keeping with the best traditions of the United States Naval Service." For his service aboard the DEADY and the capture and occupation of the Southern Palau Islands, Louis received a Bronze Star. CLAYTON JOHN BUHOLTZ
Clayton John "Jack" Buholtz was born April 20, 1925 in Wyandotte, Michigan, and raised in Hastings, Michi- gan. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy serving as Armed Guard on Merchant ships. His tours took him to England, Scot- land, South America, and Japan. After leaving the Navy, he returned to Hastings, where he met and married Kathleen Ackerman, just recently dis- charged from the U.S.M.C.W.R. Both Jack and Kathleen took flying lessons at Hastings Airport. Neither were able to complete the licensing pro- cess before winter set in and their first child was expected. There were three boys born to Jack and Kathleen, Tony, William and Ben. The eldest, Tony Lee, was killed in Viet- nam. He was a Cobra pilot, 1st Lt., and was posthumously awarded the Silver Star. Jack also served in the Naval Reserves, weekends at Gross Isle, Michigan. He was employed at Wyandotte Chemical until he left to go to Miami, working for Eastern Airlines. He eventually went with Thompson's and then Air Treads serving as Quality Control for aircraft tires, both commercial and military. Jack and Kathleen assumed the leadership of a Cadet Squadron in Civil Air Patrol. This squadron was the No. 1 Cadet Squadron for five years with some 120 young men taking many honors and sending delegates to Portugal, England, Costa Rica, Chile, Peru, San Salvador, and Equa- dor. Jack returned to Michigan in 1976; now in fleet truck tires. It was back in Michigan that Jack was diagnosed with lung cancer, eventually forcing his return to Florida. He lived far beyond the doctor's expectations, long enough to sell the house in Michigan and to settle in a very friendly manufactured home community, Edgewater Landing. During the 1989 reunion in Seattle, one of Jack's ship- mates, Kenneth Cauble, saw Jack's name and wrote, but it was too late. Jack died September 14, 1989. After Kathleen wrote Kenneth back, Kenneth took time to write down excerpts from the diary that he had kept when he was on board the RAYMOND CLAPPER with Jack. Kenneth thought that Jack's boys would like to know what their life on board ship was like. HAROLD G. BULLIVANT
Harold G. Bullivant was born in Redwood City, Cali- fornia, March 20, 1922. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in March 1942 and trained in San Diego, California. In July 1942, after three months of signal school, he was sent to Noroton Heights, Connecticut, for a month of Mersig training. In August 1942, he was assigned to the SS MARGA- RET LYKES, a 3,400-ton laker, and set sail September 1942 for Greenland. His second trip aboard the MARGARET LYKES, car- tying wheat, was the ill-fated convoy that the Stilinovich brothers were in. Being a second dass signalman, Harold kept a daily log on the trip. The ship left New York for Liv- erpool, England, March 8, 1943, with a convoy of 40 ships. The first eight days at sea were uneventful. But from March 16 to 19, the ship came under attack by a Wolf Pack of U-boats. At 2 a.m. March 17, the LYKES was the last ship in the seventh column of four ships. Within 30 seconds, the three ships ahead, two tankers and a' Liberty Ship, were torpedoed. Harold says he does not know how the LYKES avoided being hit as the U-boats were right in the middle of the convoy. He recalls that the burning ships lit up the sky. The convoy was scattered and at least 12 ships were hit. Of 40 ships, 24 made it to England. In January and February 1944, Harold made the Mur- mansk, Russia, run. He then went around the world on the WILLIAM N. PENDLETON, a tanker, from June 1944 to June 1945. He also served on the SS WILLIAM E. WEBB and the SS MARINE CARDINAL. He was discharged December 1945 and received two Bronze Stars for his service. Harold was recalled to the Navy in September 1948 and served a year on board the hospital ship USS REPOSE AH-16 in Tsingtao, North China. He was discharged in April 1950. He married A. Lillian RasoJune 24, 1951. They raised six children, Janice, Joyce, Steven, Judy, Tom, and Tim. Harold was a general building contractor for 30 years and retired to 955 Pacheco Court, El Dorado Hills, California 95630 in 1979. KENNETH BURHITE, JR.
Kenneth Burhite, Jr. was born December 24, 1927, Neena, Wisconsin. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in Janu- ary 1944 and attended boot camp in Farragut, Idaho. Kenneth served on three ships during the war: the BRAZIL VICTORY, from May 1944 to December 1944, the SS CHINA VICTORY, from January 1945 to April 1945; and the SS FRANCISCO VICTORY, from April 1945 to September 1945. While assigned to the CHINA and FRANCISCO, he was injured. He was awarded the World War II Victory Medal, Honorable Discharge Medal, the American Area Medal and the Asiatic-Pacific FIC Campaign Medal. Kenneth was aboard the CHINA when the bomb was dropped. He recalls that he was told that it was a test. He was ordered to wear red-lensed glasses and not look at the bomb blast. He was discharged April 15, 1947, and for a time worked making overhead garage doors until he lost the use of his leg and was confined to a wheelchair. He and his wife, Carolyn L., have been married 30 years. Kenneth's address is 239 Nelson Road, Rochester, Washington 98579. DANIEL W. BYLES Daniel W. Byles was born June 14, 1923, in Danville, Illinois. He lived in several states prior to graduating from Battle Creek, Michigan, Central High School in June 1941. He enlisted in the regular Navy in September 1941 and received boot training at Great Lakes and attended Group 2 school at San Diego, California. He was then assigned to the Armed Guard as a signalman operating out of the Armed Guard Center at Treasure Island, San Francisco, California. In over four years of sea duty on nine ships, he served initially in the Pacific. In 1942, he picked up a newly built Liberty Ship, the HARVEY W. SCOTT, in Portland, Oregon. The SCOTT was sunk off South Africa while car- rying war supplies to southern Russia via the Persian Gulf. By life boat, he landed in South Africa between Port Eliza- beth and Durban, was issued a South African Army uni- form and served on two ships before returning to Califor- nia. He then served on three ships in the Pacific, ending his sea duty on a tanker operating out of the Persian Gulf and Far East. Ships Daniel served on in addition to the SCOTT included the SS COAST MILLER, SS CAPE ST. GEORGE, USAT P.E. CROWLEY, SS JOHN COL- TER, SS JAMES L. LAWSON, SS CAPE CLEARE and the SS GERVAIS. While assigned to de-commission school at the Armed Guard Center in Brooklyn, New York, he married his wife, Phyllis, and then attended St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, for his Ph.B. and Columbia University School of Law in New York City. He then spent 35 years as a corporate lawyer in the pharmaceutical industry, retir- ing as corporate secretary and assistant general counsel of Merck & Co., Inc. (the world's largest prescription phar- maceutical company) in May 1989. He has held numerous civic and professional positions including president of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey State Prison System, vice chairman of the Narcotic Drug Study Commission of the New Jersey Legislature, chairman of the New Jersey State Employees Legislative Committee and scout master (as an Eagle Scout) of a Boy Scout troop in New York City. He also has served on sever- al boards including the Board of Governors of the New Jersey State Opera and the Board of Directors of the Cor- porate and Business Law Section of the New Jersey State Bar Association. He currently is listed in "Who's Who in America" 45th edition for 1988-1989. Daniel's mailing address is 34 Carrie Court, Nutley, New Jersey 07110. ROBERT BYRE
Robert Byre was born January 18, 1925, and is original- ly from Media, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy in September 1942 and attended boot camp and gunners mates school at Samson Naval Base, Little Creek, Virginia. He was trained on the 5-inch 38 caliber gun. He made two trips on the SS EDWARD L. GRANT to Murmansk, Russia, and also sailed on the SS NELSON W. ALDRICH to Archangel, Russia, and the SS DAVID L. YULEE to Italy and France. His most memorable expe- rience was the trip to Archangel in the White Sea aboard the NELSON. The convoy had two ice breakers with it the whole journey. Byre received the Victory Medal, Good Conduct Medal, and the European Campaign Medal. He was discharged from the Navy January 26, 1946. He spent 27 years rebuilding machine tools for resale for the Joyce Equipment Company in Chester, Pennsylvania. Currently, he is active with charter fishing and diving boats. He lives with his wife, Verna M. Byre, and has two stepchildren, Sandra Brennan and William Tyndall, and four grandchildren. His current address is 1603 Cedar Street, Lewes, Delaware 19958.
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